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Freedom for ThemselvesNorth Carolina's Black Soldiers in the Civil War Era$
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Richard M. Reid

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780807831748

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807837276_reid

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Black Workers in Blue Uniforms

Black Workers in Blue Uniforms

(p.187) Chapter Five Black Workers in Blue Uniforms
Freedom for Themselves

Richard M. Reid

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses the history of the 1st North Carolina Colored Heavy Artillery (NCCHA), or the 14th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery (USCHA) as it became in early 1865, which presents a sharp contrast to that of the three black infantry regiments previously raised in the state. These artillerymen fought no battles and won little praise. In many ways, however, their experiences reflected those encountered in the other black units that saw little combat and which historians have largely ignored. North Carolina's black artillery regiment was established in early 1864, when Confederate forces threatened New Bern and other Union positions. When the threat passed, the future role of the artillery regiment was uncertain. The official but seldom used term for “heavy” artillery was “foot” artillery, and these units were established to man permanent coastal or river fortifications, of which there were few in eastern North Carolina.

Keywords:   1st NCCHA, 14th USCHA, black infantry regiments

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