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Bonds of AllianceIndigenous and Atlantic Slaveries in New France$
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Brett Rushforth

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780807835586

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807838174_rushforth

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I Make Him My Dog / My Slave

I Make Him My Dog / My Slave

Chapter:
(p.15) Chapter OneI Make Him My Dog / My Slave
Source:
Bonds of Alliance
Author(s):

Brett Rushforth

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807838174_rushforth.7

Using archaeology, ritual, and linguistics to supplement the observations of captives and other colonists, this chapter attempts to trace the contours of indigenous slavery among the central Algonquian and Siouan peoples of the Pays d'en Haut. These sources can show patterns of enslavement, domestication, and forced integration by which enemy outsiders were made into subordinate domestics. Linguistic records such as the translated pages of Algonquian phrases reveal how Indians explained the place of slavery in their own societies. Indians of the Pays d'en Haut, for example, expressed their relationship to slaves through metaphors of domestication and mastery, comparing captives to dogs and other domesticated animals.

Keywords:   captives, colonists, Algonquian, Siouan, Pays d'en Haut, enslavement, domestication, forced integration, Indians, slavery

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