This chapter focuses on a report “Touching upon the Discovery of the Western Sea,” which appeared as an attachment to a letter from the governor of New France, the marquis de Beauharnois. The report's author was the French explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Verendrye. While serving as commander of French fur-trading posts north of Lake Superior in 1728 and 1729, La Verendrye had been seeking information about western lands and waters from Indians at the French forts. His interlocutors included a former slave of the Assiniboines; Auchagah, “a savage [Sauvage] of my post”; “a Monsoni chief”; and the Cree leaders Pako, Lefoye, Petit Jour, Tacchigis, and La Marteblanche. In addition to oral testimony, La Verendrye received sketches of western territory from Tacchigis, from Auchagah, and from La Marteblanche and two other chiefs from his nation.
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