This chapter discusses the hostilities among western nations that aggravated communicative difficulties and further limited the range of French geographic comprehension. They also restricted the safe movement of both Frenchmen and Indians. These difficulties stand out more sharply when viewed against the backdrop of French cartographers' experiences in France and in the Russian and Chinese empires. In these areas, French investigators received royal or imperial sponsors' support, and they operated within political structures rendering that assistance effectual. We have already seen Louis Delisle de La Croyere traversing Siberia and the North Pacific with the Great Northern Expedition and French Jesuit cartographers crisscrossing China in the service of the Kangxi emperor. Here, lacking the state patronage they enjoyed elsewhere, a primary problem confronting French explorers and cartographers was their inability to cast their eyes on or deploy their instruments in large parts of the region they sought to comprehend.
North Carolina Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.