I am deeply indebted to the following institutions for giving me access to their excellent collections of manuscripts and for permission to use excerpts from many of the unpublished letters and documents pertaining to the Grimké sisters.
Howard H. Peckham, Director; William S. Ewing, Curator of Manuscripts; and Robert W. Keyes, Assistant Curator of Manuscripts, The William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan. Their many knowledgeable suggestions greatly lightened my task;
John Alden, Keeper of Rare Books, and Miss Ellen Oldham, Curator of Classical Literature, Rare Book Department, Boston Public Library, accorded me every courtesy;
James Rawle, Curator, Manuscript Division, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and the librarians in charge of the various collections offered me every facility for research and helped me greatly to acquire an understanding of nineteenth-century Philadelphia by giving me access to their superb collection of pictures and local history;
The librarians of the Society of Friends, Arch Street Center, Philadelphia, kindly afforded me an opportunity to study their extensive records of the various Meetings of the Society of Friends;
Mrs. Margaret S. Grierson, Director, and Miss Elizabeth Duval, Bibliographer, The Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, far exceeded professional courtesy during my stay. Their gracious hospitality and the generous way in which they opened to me the rich resources of their superb collection on the woman's rights movement will be long remembered;
David C. Mearns, Chief, Manuscript Division, The Library of Congress, afforded me every facility for research at that great institution;
Mrs. Dorothy Porter and Mrs. E. Ellis, Moorland Foundation, Howard University, were patient and helpful in allowing me to study the Grimké Family papers;
The New York Public Library and its superb staff not only gave me access to manuscript sources and genealogical records, but provided me for many months with a place to work and every facility to make research easier. The rich resources of the Schomburg Collection of the New York Public Library were indispensable to my work;
The collection of nineteenth-century newspapers at the New-York Historical Society was a valuable source of information on local history. Wilmer (p.x) R. Leech, Curator of Manuscripts, was generous with his time and offered many helpful suggestions;
The Charleston County Free Library provided me with the wills of John Faucheraud and Mary Grimké;
Miss Ellen Peterson, Hyde Park Branch, Boston Public Library, was most helpful in culling facts pertinent to my research from the Henry A. Rich Collection;
The Women's Archives, Radcliffe College; The Philadelphia Public Library; the Library of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, were valuable sources of research.
I have greatly benefited over the past three years by the opportunity of working at the Libraries of Columbia University, whose rich resources make any research easier and pleasanter.
To Mrs. Arthur Cort Holden of New York City I owe a special debt of gratitude for her generosity in making available to me the full faculties of her fine private library on the history of women. Her loan of rare books from her collection greatly facilitated my work. Her knowledge, her generous friendship and her enthusiasm for this project were most encouraging.
I have benefited greatly from the guidance and criticism of Professors Eric L. McKitrick and Robert D. Cross of Columbia University, who have seen this work in its various stages. Their understanding of my goals and their confidence in me and in this work have been an inspiration of lasting value.
Professor Carl Degler of Vassar College has read this manuscript and contributed greatly to its improvement by his keen critical judgment. The suggestions offered generously by Professor James P. Shenton of Columbia University were most helpful.
I am most grateful to Mrs. Anne N. Barrett of Houghton Mifflin Company, whose editorial advice and gentle guidance helped shape this book in its final stages. My thanks also go to Mr. Philip Rich and Miss Linda Glick for their helpful contributions. To Edith Margolies I owe a special debt of gratitude for her unflagging confidence and support. I appreciate the professional competence and personal interest of Mrs. Shirley Lerman and Mrs. Sarah Hope, who typed the manuscript.
To Virginia Brodine, who first aroused my interest in the contribution of women to American history and who inspired the writing of this book, public expressions of gratitude will be less meaningful than our many years of close friendship. I do, however, wish to record my indebtedness to her.
(p.xi) Through all the years spent on this work my husband, Carl Lerner, has been a helpful partner in research, an enthusiastic admirer of Sarah and Angelina Grimké, an incisive and sharp critic and, as always, a tower of strength.
New York City, 1967
As for my children, Stephanie and Daniel, without their tolerant understanding, their patient cooperation and their abiding confidence in the out-come, this work would not have been possible.
For the current revised edition my special thanks and warm appreciation go to Kate Torrey, Director, UNC Press. Without her faith in this book, her openness to the revised text and her knowledgeable editorial supervision, this work would not have been produced. The skillful editing and proof-reading of Catherine Fagan and Ron Maner made the process of revision an unusually pleasant task for the author. With thanks also to other members of the UNC Press staff.