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Grassroots Garveyism
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Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Mary G. Rolinson


The black separatist movement led by Marcus Garvey has long been viewed as a phenomenon of African American organization in the urban North. But as this book demonstrates, the largest number of Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) divisions and Garvey's most devoted and loyal followers were found in the southern Black Belt. Tracing the path of organizers from northern cities to Virginia, and then from the Upper to the Deep South, the book remaps the movement to include this vital but overlooked region. It shows how Garvey's southern constituency sprang from cities, countryside church ... More

Keywords: nationalism, Marcus Garvey, southern Black Belt, African identities, Garveyism, Great Migration, black protest, churches, self-determination, African Americans

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2007 Print ISBN-13: 9780807830925
Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014 DOI:10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Mary G. Rolinson, author