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Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil WarThe Eastern Campaigns, 1861-1864$
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Earl J. Hess

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780807829318

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807876398_Hess

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: Engineering War

: Engineering War

(p.1) 1 : Engineering War
Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil War

Earl J. Hess

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses the role of the Corps of Engineers in the Civil War, with emphasis on the construction of fortifications for the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia. It begins with a historical overview of the Corps of Engineers prior to the Civil War and its influence on the military missions sent to observe armies in Europe, particularly the Delafield Commission of 1855–1856. The chapter then considers the theory and doctrine of fortifications, and their role in the operations of field armies, along with fortification manuals before and during the Civil War. It also examines the activities of the Corps of Engineers and the Corps of Topographical Engineers during the Civil War before concluding with an analysis of the geography of the theater of operations in the East during the war.

Keywords:   fortifications, Corps of Engineers, Civil War, Potomac, Northern Virginia, military missions, Delafield Commission, field armies, manuals, Topographical Engineers

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