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Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil WarThe Eastern Campaigns, 1861-1864$
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Earl J. Hess

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780807829318

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807876398_Hess

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: The Reduction of Battery Wagner

: The Reduction of Battery Wagner

(p.259) 12 : The Reduction of Battery Wagner
Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil War

Earl J. Hess

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines the use of fortifications by the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia during the reduction of Battery Wagner, one of the classic siege operations of the Civil War. Directed by Union Brig. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore, the reduction of Battery Wagner was the largest, most significant offensive against Charleston during the war. Gillmore's strategy involved siege approaches and bombarding Sumter at the same time. Gillmore employed several engineer officers to supervise the construction of works, including Col. Edward Wellman Serrell, Maj. Thomas Benton Brooks, and Lt. Peter S. Michie. G. T. Beauregard, commander of the Confederates, admitted that the battle at Charleston had turned into one of engineering and ordered the construction of a new line on James Island. The Confederates came out the winner in the engineering contest at Charleston in the long run.

Keywords:   fortifications, Potomac, Northern Virginia, Battery Wagner, Civil War, Quincy A. Gillmore, Charleston, G. T. Beauregard, engineering, James Island

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