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Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil WarThe Eastern Campaigns, 1861-1864$
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Earl J. Hess

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780807829318

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807876398_Hess

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: On to Richmond

: On to Richmond

(p.28) 2 : On to Richmond
Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil War

Earl J. Hess

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines the use of fortifications and earthworks by the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War, focusing on battle sites such as Big Bethel, First Manassas, Ball's Bluff, Manassas Junction, and Centreville. It also discusses the defenses of Washington, such as Fort Slemmer and Fort Totten, and Richmond, including the forts whose construction was initiated by General Robert E. Lee of the Confederate forces. Furthermore, the chapter describes the fortifications along the Atlantic coast designed to close blockade-running ports. Finally, it considers the comparative ease with which the Federals reduced coastal defenses, forcing the Confederates to evacuate their remaining forts on exposed islands in the winter and spring of 1862.

Keywords:   fortifications, earthworks, Potomac, Northern Virginia, Civil War, defenses, Washington, Richmond, forts, Atlantic coast

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