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Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil WarThe Eastern Campaigns, 1861-1864$
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Earl J. Hess

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780807829318

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807876398_Hess

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: The Peninsula

: The Peninsula

(p.67) 4 : The Peninsula
Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil War

Earl J. Hess

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines the use of fortifications by the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia in the Peninsula campaign during the Civil War. It looks at the Federals' campaign in Richmond and the response of the Confederates, highlighting the extensive use of fortifications by both sides for both offensive and defensive purposes. The chapter also considers the construction of earthworks by General George McClellan of the Union, the fortification of Yorktown, and the Warwick Line, whose construction was credited to John Bankhead Magruder. In addition, it discusses the campaign of Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston and his evacuation of Yorktown before concluding with an appraisal of the Williamsburg Line.

Keywords:   fortifications, Potomac, Northern Virginia, Peninsula, Civil War, earthworks, George McClellan, Yorktown, Warwick Line, Williamsburg Line

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