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Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil WarThe Eastern Campaigns, 1861-1864$
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Earl J. Hess

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780807829318

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807876398_Hess

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CSO for personal use (for details see http://www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 19 June 2018

: Fredericksburg

: Fredericksburg

(p.154) 7 : Fredericksburg
Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil War

Earl J. Hess

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines the use of fortifications by the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia at the battle of Fredericksburg, one of the oldest towns in Virginia, during the Civil War. In particular, it looks at the clashes between Confederates General Robert E. Lee and Union commander Ambrose Burnside, and the fortifications used by both sides, including artillery emplacements, earthworks, and stockades. The chapter also considers the defenses that were erected at Richmond using slave labor. It shows that campaigns of the last half of 1862 gave the Rebels plenty of experience at fighting without fortifications, relying instead on existing civilian structures and even the smallest inequality of the ground for protection.

Keywords:   fortifications, Potomac, Northern Virginia, battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, Civil War, Robert E. Lee, Ambrose Burnside, defenses, Richmond

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