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Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil WarThe Eastern Campaigns, 1861-1864$
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Earl J. Hess

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780807829318

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807876398_Hess

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: Goldsborough, New Bern, Washington, and Suffolk

: Goldsborough, New Bern, Washington, and Suffolk

Chapter:
(p.200) 9: Goldsborough, New Bern, Washington, and Suffolk
Source:
Field Armies & Fortifications in the Civil War
Author(s):

Earl J. Hess

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9780807829318.003.0009

This chapter examines the use of fortifications by the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia in the Goldsborough, New Bern, Washington, and Suffolk campaigns during the Civil War. After Confederates General Robert E. Lee won at Chancellorsville, both the Confederates and the Federals recalled units from eastern North Carolina. The war had therefore stagnated on the Coastal Plain, but Union Maj. Gen. John G. Foster ended the stalemate in mid-December 1862 when he launched a raid from New Bern to Goldsborough to cut the Weldon Railroad. Foster's move forced the Confederates to send more troops to eastern North Carolina and to take the offensive. The chapter considers the Confederate earthworks in Washington and Suffolk, including log and sod revetments, good abatis, embrasured artillery emplacements, covered ways, and parapets.

Keywords:   fortifications, Potomac, Northern Virginia, Goldsborough, New Bern, Washington, Suffolk, Civil War, Weldon Railroad, earthworks

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