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Confronting CaptivityBritain and the United States and Their POWs in Nazi Germany$
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Arieh J. Kochavi

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780807829400

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807876404_kochavi

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(p.280) Conclusion
Confronting Captivity

Arieh J. Kochavi

University of North Carolina Press

This book has examined how almost all of the 300,000 British and American prisoners of war (POWs) captured by Nazi Germany during World War II managed to get out of German prison camps and were repatriated almost as soon as the war had ended. It has analyzed the policies and actions taken—and not taken—by Britain and the United States to ensure the safety of their captured soldiers. The chapter has also discussed the response of the two countries to the shackling crisis, the negotiations for the repatriation of seriously injured and sick POWs, and the tensions between London and Washington over the question of the mutual repatriation of long-term prisoners. The forced marches of POWs back into Germany and the Soviet Union's exploitation of the POW issue to gain leverage on the repatriation of all “Soviet nationals,” including citizens of the Baltic states and eastern Poland, are considered as well.

Keywords:   prisoners of war, Nazi Germany, World War II, Britain, United States, shackling, repatriation, Soviet Union, Soviet nationals, Poland

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