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Confronting CaptivityBritain and the United States and Their POWs in Nazi Germany$
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Arieh J. Kochavi

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780807829400

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807876404_kochavi

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Prisoners' Safety and the Collapse of Germany

Prisoners' Safety and the Collapse of Germany

(p.171) 6 Prisoners' Safety and the Collapse of Germany
Confronting Captivity

Arieh J. Kochavi

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines British and U.S. concerns for the physical safety of their prisoners of war (POWs) in Nazi Germany during World War II. It discusses the reasons for the British and U.S. apprehension about the possibility that Adolf Hitler and his associates might murder some or all of the POWs, including the Kharkov trial in December 1943 and the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944. The chapter also considers Britain's warning to Germany that it would retaliate if American and British POWs were not treated according to the Geneva Convention. Attention then shifts to Germany's execution of fifty Royal Air Force officers and the three alternatives proposed by Lieutenant General Archibald E. Nye, vice chief of the Imperial General Staff, to help the POWs. Finally, the chapter considers the fall of Germany during the war.

Keywords:   prisoners of war, Nazi Germany, World War II, Adolf Hitler, Kharkov trial, Normandy, Britain, Geneva Convention, Royal Air Force, Archibald E. Nye

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