This chapter examines the continued expansion of slavery and the rise of an abolitionist movement in antebellum America. It looks at the emergence of state rights in the South in relation to the politics of slavery and explores how the Missouri Crisis of 1819 cast a long shadow over American politics in the antebellum period, including the presidential campaign of 1828, and intensified the rivalry between the North and South. In addition, it considers how moderates in both North and South tried to avoid slavery throughout the period, in part by resorting to cross-sectional partisan alliances. The chapter also discusses how antebellum Northerners' concerns for the cause of liberty in the world intensified the antislavery zeal rather than nationalism. Finally, it analyzes the influence of Federalism on the program and any feelings of rhetoric of antebellum abolitionists.
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