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Crafting Civilian Control of the Military in VenezuelaA Comparative Perspective$
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Harold A. Trinkunas

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780807829820

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877036_trinkunas

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The 1958 Transition to Democracy in Venezuela: Strategizing Civilian Control

The 1958 Transition to Democracy in Venezuela: Strategizing Civilian Control

Chapter:
(p.62) Chapter 3 The 1958 Transition to Democracy in Venezuela: Strategizing Civilian Control
Source:
Crafting Civilian Control of the Military in Venezuela
Author(s):

Harold A. Trinkunas

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807877036_trinkunas.7

In 1958, Venezuela was given a second opportunity to democratize. Unlike the initial failed attempt in 1945–1958, democratization become successful and consolidated after Venezuelans had endured ten years of military authoritarian rule. Focusing on the 1958 transition to democracy in Venezuela, this chapter describes the rise and fall of Venezuelan democracy, the decline of military autonomy under Pérez Jiménez, and the collapse of the authoritarian regime in 1958. It describes the strategies employed by democratizers in pursuing civilian control, which include appeasement, monitoring, and indoctrination to weaken the opposition of armed forces.

Keywords:   Venezuela, democratization, military, democracy, military autonomy, Pérez Jiménez, authoritarian regime, civilian control, appeasement, indoctrination

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