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Critical AmericansVictorian Intellectuals and Transatlantic Liberal Reform$
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Leslie Butler

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780807830840

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877579_butler

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The War for the Union and the Vindication of American Democracy

The War for the Union and the Vindication of American Democracy

(p.52) 2 The War for the Union and the Vindication of American Democracy
Critical Americans

Leslie Butler

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines the experiences and attitudes of Higginson, Lowell, Curtis, and Norton throughout the Civil War. It first discusses Higginson's narratives and essays on slavery and black resistance, and how he experimented with radical means of cultivating the Americans' character. The chapter then discusses musings on Lincoln's leadership by Curtis, Norton, and Lowell. Following Lincoln's election, the crisis that engulfed the nation forced Union publicists to consider the nature of democratic governance. Disappointed by Lincoln's cautious attitude about slavery, Norton and Lowell began to share the same reasoning that Higginson adopted. But after Lincoln began moving closer to the policy of emancipation, Lowell's attitude toward the president improved considerably and Norton later echoed Curtis's praises of the president's policy developments.

Keywords:   Higginson, Lowell, Curtis, Norton, slavery, black resistance, Lincoln, Union, emancipation

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