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The Tejano DiasporaMexican Americanism and Ethnic Politics in Texas and Wisconsin$
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Marc Simon Rodriguez

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834640

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877661_rodriguez

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Post–World War II Mexican Americanism in Crystal City, Texas

Post–World War II Mexican Americanism in Crystal City, Texas

Chapter:
(p.15) 1 Post–World War II Mexican Americanism in Crystal City, Texas
Source:
The Tejano Diaspora
Author(s):

Marc Simon Rodriguez

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807877661_rodriguez.6

This chapter focuses on the fact that, for Mexican Americans throughout the Southwest, the post-World War II period witnessed increasing civil rights activism. Among the southwestern states, Texas served as a central location of postwar militancy on the part of Mexican Americans, in part for reasons of demography: although California would surpass Texas in total Mexican-ancestry population by 1960, Texas had the largest established Mexican American population in the United States after the war, with 1,033,768 Spanish-surnamed residents in 1950 compared to California's 760,453. Texas hosted both of the nation's largest Mexican American civil rights organizations. The League of United Latin-American Citizens (LULAC), a national organization founded in 1929, fought discrimination against Latinos, particularly through its long effort to end discrimination against Mexican-origin children in public education.

Keywords:   Mexican Americans, World War II, civil rights activism, postwar militancy, Latin-American Citizens, LULAC

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