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The Won CauseBlack and White Comradeship in the Grand Army of the Republic$
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Barbara A. Gannon

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834527

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877708_gannon

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The Black GAR Circle

The Black GAR Circle

(p.47) 4 The Black GAR Circle
The Won Cause

Barbara A. Gannon

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter argues that any recreation of the world African Americans made in the GAR would be incomplete without an examination of its ladies' auxiliaries: the Woman's Relief Corps, the official auxiliary of the national GAR, as well as the largest and most well-known, and the Ladies of the GAR (LGAR). Membership qualifications differed between these two organizations. The LGAR required a tie of blood or marriage to a Civil War veteran. In contrast, the ladies of the WRC needed only to demonstrate that they were “loyal” women, devoted to both the northern cause and veterans' welfare. A recent study has emphasized the WRC's patriotic and nationalistic activities, which may be because of the organization's emphasis on loyalty and not blood ties. The loyal women of the WRC organized in units called “corps,” which usually bore the name of the GAR post with which they were affiliated.

Keywords:   African Americans, GAR, Woman's Relief Corps, Ladies of the GAR, LGAR, Civil War veteran

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