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Confronting AmericaThe Cold War between the United States and the Communists in France and Italy$
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Alessandro Brogi

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834732

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877746_brogi

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Confronting the Communists in Government: The American Response, 1944–1947

Confronting the Communists in Government: The American Response, 1944–1947

Chapter:
(p.53) 2 Confronting the Communists in Government: The American Response, 1944–1947
Source:
Confronting America
Author(s):

Alessandro Brogi

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807877746_brogi.7

This chapter discusses the absolute and overreacting nature of the struggle between the United States and Western European Communism after World War II. The self-assigned identity and role of the French and Italian Communist Parties clashed profoundly with the self-image and international role of the United States. Washington's specific options on dealing with the Communists in France and Italy came to be framed in a broader context not only because of the looming Soviet threat, but also because Communist success in the West would test the resilience of American visions of Europe. In order to comprehend why Western Europe's Communist confrontation with America caused the United States to reflect on itself, it is necessary to clarify how this clash became one of visions, even of utopias, affecting the style of U.S. foreign policy and even the definition of U.S. national security.

Keywords:   Western European Communism, World War II, Italian Communist Parties, Soviet threat, utopias, U.S. foreign policy

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