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Confronting AmericaThe Cold War between the United States and the Communists in France and Italy$
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Alessandro Brogi

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834732

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877746_brogi

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Redefining Interdependence: The Eurocommunism of the 1970s and the U.S. Response

Redefining Interdependence: The Eurocommunism of the 1970s and the U.S. Response

Chapter:
(p.302) 8 Redefining Interdependence: The Eurocommunism of the 1970s and the U.S. Response
Source:
Confronting America
Author(s):

Alessandro Brogi

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807877746_brogi.13

This chapter describes how affluence and protest in the 1960s, under an apparent revival of collectivist ideologies, marked the beginning of an era mostly defined by individualist sensibilities and desire for personal fulfillment. At the same time, the Prague Spring contributed to the dismantling of ideological certainties. Yet the convergence of the protest movements in the East and the West rekindled hopes among Western Marxists that Western Europe could again become the center of revolutionary change, since the idea of a “socialism with a human face,” as the Czech reformers called their agenda, had originated in the West, and in Italy especially. Furthermore, the twin attack on the establishment in the East and West encouraged the French and Italian Communists to pursue a European identity outside the two superpowers.

Keywords:   collectivist ideologies, individualist sensibilities, personal fulfillment, Prague Spring, ideological certainties, protest movements

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