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Declarations of DependenceThe Long Reconstruction of Popular Politics in the South, 1861-1908$
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Gregory Downs

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834442

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877760_downs

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The Persistence of Prayer

The Persistence of Prayer

Dependency after Redemption

(p.131) 5 The Persistence of Prayer
Declarations of Dependence

Gregory P. Downs

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter illustrates how Zebulon Baird Vance rose again. Running to “redeem” the state from Radical Reconstruction, Vance led one branch of a regionwide assault against Republican rule. Between 1874 and 1876, Democrats drove Republicans from state houses, took control of Congress, and nearly expelled Republicans from the White House. By 1877, propelled by the Hayes-Tilden electoral crisis, the demands of federal bondholders, and the perceived need for troops against natives out West and against strikers in the East, one phase of national Reconstruction ended with the withdrawal of the last permanent federal troops from the South. Soon, Democrats in North Carolina and other Southern states sharply curtailed African Americans' political power, and many Northern Republicans lost hope for and interest in civil rights.

Keywords:   Zebulon Baird Vance, Radical Reconstruction, federal bondholders, Republican rule, Democrats, White House

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