This chapter begins by describing how the Army of Northern Virginia took some time to gain credence. Generals Joseph E. Johnston and P. G. T. Beauregard had called the principal field command in Virginia the Army of the Potomac, but over time various individuals occasionally referred to it as the Army of Northern Virginia. When Lee replaced the badly wounded Johnston in June 1862, he referred to the command as the Army of Northern Virginia. Lee's headquarters continued to issue directives from the Department of Northern Virginia, and over the course of weeks, the name Army of Northern Virginia became firmly fixed in the minds of soldiers, government officials, and the Confederate public. Over the entire war approximately 200,000 men served in that command, somewhere between 20 to 25 percent of all Confederate soldiers.
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