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Soldiering in the Army of Northern VirginiaA Statistical Portrait of the Troops Who Served under Robert E. Lee$
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Joseph T. Glatthaar

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834923

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877869_glatthaar

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The Artillery

The Artillery

Chapter:
(p.44) Chapter Four The Artillery
Source:
Soldiering in the Army of Northern Virginia
Author(s):

Joseph T. Glatthaar

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807877869_glatthaar.8

This chapter discusses the artillery, which underwent the most organizational changes than any other branch of Lee's army. In the Battle of First Manassas, the Confederacy barely had two dozen field guns, which it parceled out among various brigades, severely limiting its effectiveness. Over the next year the army saw a substantial increase in the number of guns, but there were two major drawbacks. First, the way the Confederacy organized its artillery did not exploit its new batteries, and, second, the quality and caliber of guns did not match Federal artillery. Thus, not only were the Confederates outgunned, the dilution of artillery firepower by scattering guns throughout the army worsened the problem. Under the slow, unsteady hand of clergyman-turned-chief-of-artillery William Nelson Pendleton, Lee's artillery implemented two series of changes, one in October 1862 and the other in mid-February 1863.

Keywords:   artillery, Lee's army, First Manassas, Confederacy, Federal artillery

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