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Soldiering in the Army of Northern VirginiaA Statistical Portrait of the Troops Who Served under Robert E. Lee$
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Joseph T. Glatthaar

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834923

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877869_glatthaar

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Year of Enlistment

Year of Enlistment

Chapter:
(p.97) Chapter Eight Year of Enlistment
Source:
Soldiering in the Army of Northern Virginia
Author(s):

Joseph T. Glatthaar

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807877869_glatthaar.12

This chapter discusses the aftermath of John Brown's bizarre scheme to end slavery by way of seizing the U.S. Arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in October 1859 and distributing weapons to runaway slaves. This led to Southern states recruiting old militia units back to strength, creating new ones, and even forming volunteer units that could serve beyond state boundaries. Recruits offered their services as part of the Virginia forces, and even before the commonwealth officially seceded from the Union, Confederate president Jefferson Davis directed manpower from other states to rush to its aid. This was the first wave of volunteers in 1861. Some went to Virginia as entire regiments. Once there, companies banded to form regiments, and regiments, arriving either whole or in fragments, united to create brigades.

Keywords:   John Brown, slavery, U.S. Arsenal, Harpers Ferry, Virginia, runaway slaves

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