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Fighting Their Own BattlesMexican Americans, African Americans, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Texas$
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Brian D. Behnken

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834787

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807877876_behnken

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The Day of Nonviolence Is Past

The Day of Nonviolence Is Past

The Era of Brown Power and Black Power in Texas

(p.154) 6 The Day of Nonviolence Is Past
Fighting Their Own Battles

Brian D. Behnken

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter describes how the civil rights struggles of both Mexican Americans and African Americans became more militant through time. Some blacks, following the example of the Oakland, California-based BPP, established groups committed to self-defense and Black Power. Chicanos primarily focused on political campaigns, although these offensives displayed a radicalism that leaders of previous political actions hardly recognized. Chicanos created MAYO and RUP to advance Mexican American rights. Not all blacks and Mexican Americans identified with the Black Power or Brown Power advocates, and many disagreed with these ideologies. Adherents to both philosophies, however, gained increased influence at this time and redefined concepts that had heretofore served as the core values of the civil rights movement—concepts such as integration and nonviolence. For these activists, integration had to be demanded, and, if not forthcoming, forced.

Keywords:   civil rights struggles, Mexican Americans, African Americans, BPP, Black Power, Chicanos, political campaigns

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