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Contested WatersA Social History of Swimming Pools in America$
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Jeff Wiltse

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780807831007

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807888988_wiltse

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CSO for personal use (for details see http://www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 13 December 2017

“One for the White Race and the Other for the Colored Race” the Onset of Racial Discrimination, 1920 to 1940

“One for the White Race and the Other for the Colored Race” the Onset of Racial Discrimination, 1920 to 1940

Chapter:
(p.121) Chapter 5 “One for the White Race and the Other for the Colored Race” the Onset of Racial Discrimination, 1920 to 1940
Source:
Contested Waters
Author(s):

Jeff Wiltse

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807888988_wiltse.10

This chapter examines the racial discrimination that accompanied the use of municipal swimming pools in New York and other cities throughout the northern United States between 1920 and 1940. It discusses the factors that contributed to the exclusion and segregation of African Americans at Jim Crow pools, including the Great Black Migration, the emergence of race-based sanitation and health fears, and the gender integration and eroticization of pools. The chapter also considers the enforcement of racial segregation through violence in cities such as Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania and Elizabeth in New Jersey, as well as the acts of resistance by black swimmers against segregation and exclusion.

Keywords:   racial discrimination, municipal swimming pools, United States, exclusion, segregation, African Americans, Jim Crow, Great Black Migration, sanitation, violence

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