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Legalizing IdentitiesBecoming Black or Indian in Brazil's Northeast$
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Jan Hoffman French

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780807832929

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807889886_french

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We are Indians Even if Our Faces aren't Painted

We are Indians Even if Our Faces aren't Painted

Chapter:
(p.43) Chapter 2 We are Indians Even if Our Faces aren't Painted
Source:
Legalizing Identities
Author(s):

Jan Hoffman French

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807889886_french.8

This chapter describes how the lives and self-image of the people who became the present-day Xocó Indians were transformed. It shows how the dramatic history of this community emerged from a marriage of local activism and interaction with outsiders. Illustrating the operation of governmentality critical to the transformation of ethnoracial identity, it explains the role of anthropologists who proposed, and succeeded at, convincing government officials that social constructions of Indianness were sufficient for legal recognition. The chapter also analyzes how the Indian Statute of 1973 was used and interpreted so that the Xocó could win recognition even though they were not different from other sertanejo peasants.

Keywords:   Xocó Indians, activism, ethnoracial identity, legalizing identity, sertanejo peasants

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