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A World of Its OwnRace, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater$
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Matt Garcia

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780807826584

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807898932_garcia

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CSO for personal use (for details see http://www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 19 August 2018

The “Colonia Complex” Revisited: Racial Hierarchies and Border Spaces in the Citrus Belt, 1917–1926

The “Colonia Complex” Revisited: Racial Hierarchies and Border Spaces in the Citrus Belt, 1917–1926

Chapter:
(p.47) 2 The “Colonia Complex” Revisited: Racial Hierarchies and Border Spaces in the Citrus Belt, 1917–1926
Source:
A World of Its Own
Author(s):

Matt Garcia

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807898932_garcia.7

As citrus communities flourished and services increased, labor shortages became prevalent immediately at the end of World War I. With a diverse labor pool that included Native Americans, Asians, and Mexicans, preference for Mexican workers grew in the 1920s. This chapter explores the employment options in the citrus belt and explains why citrus ranchers chose Mexicans as the preferred workers. It also discusses the inter- and intra-group differences among workers, growers, bureaucrats, and residents, and highlights the resistance to employment and social conditions within Mexican settlements. Overall, the chapter focuses on the struggles between the Mexican immigrants and growers in shaping what is called the “Colonia Complex”, a community space where Mexicans experienced segregation and discrimination as an ethnoracial group.

Keywords:   citrus belt, Mexican workers, citrus ranchers, Colonia Complex, segregation, discrimination

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