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A World of Its OwnRace, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater$
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Matt Garcia

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780807826584

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807898932_garcia

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Citrus in the War Years: Gender, Citizenship, and Labor, 1940–1964

Citrus in the War Years: Gender, Citizenship, and Labor, 1940–1964

(p.157) 5 Citrus in the War Years: Gender, Citizenship, and Labor, 1940–1964
A World of Its Own

Matt Garcia

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines how the gender and citizenship of laborers influenced the emergence of a new system of employment within the colonias. It discusses the exploitation of Mexican contract laborers (braceros), undocumented laborers (indocumentados), and Mexican women workers in packinghouses. It begins by discussing the labor practices of citrus packinghouses and the development of “packinghouse culture” among Mexican women laborers. It then discusses the development of intraethnic conflict among the workforce. Finally, it explores the conditions of life and labor in the colonias and the structure of the bracero program, which developed into a cornerstone of citrus associations' system of employment.

Keywords:   colonias, contract laborers, braceros, indocumentados, citrus packinghouses, packinghouse culture

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