The subaltern Pentecostal response to macro events represents a prescient case of "transnationalism from below." In 1945 Pentecostal repatriates joined their counterparts in ratifying charter documents (a Constitution and Treaty of Unification) that bound two emerging flagship denominations, the Iglesia Apostólica of Mexico and the Apostolic Assembly of the U.S., tightly together. The transnational consolidation coincided with the start of the Bracero guest worker program. The intensifying labor migration flow—including an undocumented one—and the structure codified by the accords grew Apostolicism in both countries. The retrieved records of bracero evangelism and borderlands hospitality cast mid-century studies of the bracero experience (Julian Samora) and proselytism (Donald McGavran) in vastly brighter shades. This chapter also takes stock of the repatriates' impressive musical fecundity, including that of the Hermanos Alvarado, a trio of U.S.-born brothers who, although exiled as children, returned to Los Angeles in adulthood and, through a fortuitous encounter with a cluster of Hollywood evangelical actors, achieved prominence in the 1960s as the hemisphere's most widely heard evangélico musical group.
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