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The Wilmington TenViolence, Injustice, and the Rise of Black Politics in the 1970s$

Kenneth Robert Janken

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469624839

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624839.001.0001

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(p.223) Bibliography

(p.223) Bibliography

Source:
The Wilmington Ten
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press

Primary Sources

Court and Legal Records

Chavis v. North Carolina, 423 U.S. 1080 (1976).

Chavis v. State of North Carolina 637 F.2d 213 (4th Cir. 1980).

State v. Chavis, 24 N.C. App. 148 (1974).

State v. Chavis, 287 N.C. 261 (1975).

State of North Carolina vs. Tommy Atwood, James Bunting, Benjamin F. Chavis, Carnell E. Flowers, Jerry Jacobs (Alias Scarface), James McKoy, Marvin Patrick, Ann Shepherd, Connie Tindall, Willie E. Vereen, and Michael Peterson, Original Transcript of Probable Cause Hearing, 30 March 1972, http://www.justice.gov/crt/foia/readingroom/wilmington/, accessed 18 June 2012.

State of North Carolina vs. Benjamin Franklin Chavis, Marvin Patrick, Connie Tyndall [sic], Jerry Jacobs, Willie Earl Vereen, James McKoy, Reginald Epps, Wayne Moore, Joe Wright, George Kirby, and Ann Shepard, Transcript of Testimony [of first trial], http://www.justice.gov/crt/foia/readingroom/wilmington/, accessed 18 June 2012.

State of North Carolina vs. Benjamin Franklin Chavis, Marvin Patrick, Connie Tyndall [sic], Jerry Jacobs, Willie Earl Vereen, James McKoy, Reginald Epps, Wayne Moore, Joe Wright, George Kirby, and Ann Shepard, Transcript of Testimony [of second trial], http://www.justice.gov/crt/foia/readingroom/wilmington/, accessed 18 June 2012.

State of North Carolina vs. Allen Hall, 71-CR-7269, microfilm reel no. 72-18-266, Office of the Clerk of Superior Court of New Hanover County, Wilmington, N.C.

State of North Carolina vs. Allen Hall, 71-CR-7270, microfilm reel no. 72-18-265, Office of the Clerk of Superior Court of New Hanover County, Wilmington, N.C.

State of North Carolina vs. Allen R. Hall, 71-CR-8195, microfilm reel no. 72-18-264, Office of the Clerk of Superior Court of New Hanover County, Wilmington, N.C.

State of North Carolina vs. Donald Jerome Nixon, 71-CR-17668, microfilm reel no. 73-16-151, Office of the Clerk of Superior Court of New Hanover County, Wilmington, N.C.

State of North Carolina vs. Donald Jerome Nixon, 71-CR-17685, microfilm reel no. 73-16-151, Office of the Clerk of Superior Court of New Hanover County, Wilmington, N.C.

(p.224) Interviews Conducted by Author

Ballance, Frank, 20 December 2008, Butner, N.C.

Chapman, Frank E., Jr., 16 and 18 November 2010, by telephone.

Coleman, Milton, 16 November 2007, by telephone.

Ferguson, James, 27 June 2007, Charlotte, N.C.

Grant, Jim, 15 December 2004, Chapel Hill, N.C.

Grossman, Victor, 22 May 2013, by e-mail.

Guinier, Lani, 12 December 2007, by telephone.

Hankins, Lethia, 11 November 2004, Wilmington, N.C.

Hulslander, Mac, 7 June 2007, Raleigh, N.C.

Hunoval, Mathias [in Belize], 25 April 2014, by telephone.

Jennings, Harvard, 16 August 2006, by telephone.

Johnson, Aaron, 22 September 2004, Fayetteville, N.C.

Johnson, Dale, 15 August 2012, by telephone.

Jones, Charles, 16 June 2005, Atlanta, Ga.

Joyner, Irv, 1 December 2006, Durham, N.C.

Kazana, Imani, 19 May 2008, Hyattsville, Md.

Kirby, George, 5 October 2004, Wrightsville Beach, N.C.

Landsberg, Brian, 3 June 2008, by telephone.

Luethke, Karsten [in Berlin], 26 June 2013, by telephone.

Michaux, H. M. “Mickey,”, 6 June 2013, Raleigh, N.C.

Moore, Delores, 19 July 2004, Wilmington, N.C.

Moore, Wayne, 9 April 2005, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Othow, Helen, 5 June 2007, by telephone.

Parker, Gwen [Whitakers, N.C., town administrator], 18 June 2014, by telephone.

Pinsky, Mark, 24 May 2012, by telephone.

Ramos, Maria, 17 September 2010, by telephone.

Rollin, Russell, 14 May 2007, Hillsborough, N.C.

Templeton, Donna, 24 August 2004, by telephone.

Templeton, Eugene, 27 August 2004, Chapel Hill, N.C.

Tindall, Connie, 31 October 2004, Kenansville, N.C.

Todd, Bertha, 11 November 2004, Wilmington, N.C.

Weatherman, Tony, 2 November 2004, by telephone.

White, Leon, 30 July 2004 and 11 June 2007, Manson, N.C.

Wonce, Benjamin, 14 August 2011, Wilmington, N.C.

Wright, Thomas, 21 September 2004, Raleigh, N.C.

Interviews Conducted by Larry Thomas, Deposited in the Duke University Oral History Program Collection, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Duke University

Anonymous black male [appended to Walter Bordeaux transcript], n.d. [1978].

“Barnabus” and Darryl Franks (aka “Daniel Banks”), 14 May 1978.

(p.225) C-Man, 12 and 16 August 1978.

Grant, Jim, 10 July 1978

Templeton, Eugene, 1 August 1978.

Interviews Deposited at the Lower Cape Fear Historical Society, Wilmington, N.C.

Laney, Emsley, 14 June 1995.

Todd, Bertha, 13 June 1995.

Swain, Ernest, 20 June 1995.

Interviews Deposited in the Oral History Collection, William M. Randall Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Wilmington

Bellamy, Heyward, 19 April 2005.

Burnett, Gilbert H., 4 October 2002.

Moore, Wayne, and Benjamin Wonce, 17 April 2009.

Interviews Deposited in the Southern Oral History Program Collection, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Ferguson, James E., interview by Rudolph Acree Jr., 3 March 1992 and 17 March 1992, interview #J-0004.

Martin, Judge Robert McKinney, Jr., interview by Tom McLean, 28 October 1996 and 14 November 1996, interview #J-0043.

Mendez, John, interview by Rob Stephens, 6 February 2008, interview #U-0304.

Michaux, H. M. “Mickey,” Jr., interview by Joseph Mosnier, 23 June 1995, interview #A-0392.

Muhammad, Benjamin Chavis, interview by Kieran Taylor, 3 February 2006, interview #U-0332.

Nantambu, Kojo, interview by Larry Thomas, 15 May 1978, interview #B-59.

Templeton, Donna, interview by Larry Thomas, 28 July 1978, interview #B-61.

Whitfield, Edward, interview by Bridgette Burge, 26 February 2006, interview #U-0590.

Interviews Conducted by Others

Chavis, Ben, interview by Blackside, Inc., for Eyes on the Prize II: America at the Racial Crossroads 1965 to 1985, 18 April 1989, Henry Hampton Collection, Film and Media Archive, Washington University Libraries, St. Louis, Mo.

Yopp, Albert, Jr., interview by Timothy Tyson, 15 August 1992, Duke University Oral History Program Collection, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Duke University, Durham, N.C.

(p.226) Manuscript Collections

Black Panther Party—North Carolina, FBI Headquarters File 105-165706-8, Section 10, http://vault.fbi.gov/Black%20Panther%20Party%20/Black%20Panther%20Party%20Part%2024%20°f%2034/view.

Black Panther Party—North Carolina, FBI Headquarters File 105-165706-8, Section 11, http://nara-wayback-001.us.archive.org/peth04/20041019151532/http://foia.fbi.gov/bpanther/bpanther12.pdf.

Heyward C. Bellamy Papers, William M. Randall Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

Commission for Racial Justice Collection #2002.21, unprocessed manuscript, United Church of Christ Archives, Cleveland, Ohio.

National Alliance against Racist and Political Repression Papers, unprocessed manuscript, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, New York.

National Wilmington 10 Defense Committee Papers, unprocessed manuscript, Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington, D.C.

Dan Pollitt Wilmington Ten Collection, unprocessed manuscript, in author’s possession.

Stanley Pottinger Papers, Gerald R. Ford Library, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Public Liaison Files, Jimmy Carter Library, Atlanta, Ga.

T. J. Reddy Papers, J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

Southern Conference Church History Collection, unprocessed manuscript, Belk Library Archives and Special Collections, Elon University, Elon, N.C.

Special Assistant to the President Files, Jimmy Carter Library, Atlanta, Ga.

Signe Waller Wilmington Ten Collection, unprocessed manuscript, privately held.

Wilmington Movement 1971 clipping file, MS108, William M. Randall Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

Harrison L. Winter Papers, Milton Eisenhower Library, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.

National Archives, College Park, Md.

BYBBC FBI Charlotte Field Office 157-8263.

Benjamin Chavis FBI Headquarters 157-HQ-12210.

Civil Rights Division: Subject Files of Drew Days III, 1977–80. General Records of the Department of Justice, RG60.

Classification 157 Field Office Case Files (Charlotte, N.C.), 1957–1978, 157-177-Sub L-3, RG65 Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Committee of Racial Justice [sic] FBI Charlotte Field Office 157-8527.

North Carolina Committee to Free Political Prisoners FBI Charlotte Field Office 157-CE-8777.

ROWP FBI Charlotte Field Office 157-7236.

SOBU/YOBU FBI Charlotte Field Office 157-CE-6758.

(p.227) Wilmington Ten FBI Charlotte Field Office 176–37.

Wilmington Ten FBI HQ 157-8056.

Newspapers and Collections of Newspaper Articles

African World

Baltimore Afro-American

Black Panther

Carolina Peacemaker

Carolina Times

Chicago Defender

Current Digest of the Soviet Press.

Daily Tar Heel

Greenville (N.C.) Daily Reflector

Hendersonville (N.C.) Times-News

Lewiston (Maine) Daily Sun

Lexington (N.C.) Dispatch

Lodi (California) News-Sentinel

Los Angeles Times

New York Times

Raleigh News and Observer

SOBU Newsletter

Spartanburg Herald-Journal

Spokane Spokesman-Review

Tuscaloosa News

Washington Post

Wilmington Morning Star

Wilmington Sunday Star-News

The Wilmington 10 Editorials and Cartoons. [New York?]: United Church of Christ, Commission for Racial Justice, 1977.

Workers Viewpoint

Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Ike Andrews Papers.

John Kenyon Chapman Papers.

Franklin T. Dupree Papers.

Timothy B. Tyson Papers.

State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh

Department of Administration Papers, Human Relations Council, County File.

———, Human Relations Council, Reports File.

Judge George M. Fountain’s Wilmington Ten Case File, 1971–1978.

Governor James B. Hunt Jr. Papers.

———, Office of General Counsel, Legal Counsel—Files of Jack Cozort (1977–1984).

Office of Attorney General Papers, Education and Corrections Section: Wilmington Ten Case File, unprocessed manuscript.

Governor Robert Scott Papers.

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Austin, Curtis J. Up against the Wall: Violence in the Making and Unmaking of the Black Panther Party. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2006.

Barkan, Steven E. “Political Trials and the ‘Pro Se’ Defendant in the Adversary System.” Social Problems 24 (1977): 324–36.

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CBS News. “The Wilmington Ten.” 60 Minutes, 6 March 1977.

———. “The Wilmington Ten.” 60 Minutes,19 March 1978.

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