Boston, Mass. Massachusetts Historical Society
John A. Andrews Papers
Edward Everett Papers
Carlisle, Pa. U.S. Military History Institute
John P. Finley Papers
Cambridge, Mass. Houghton Library, Harvard University
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions Archives
College Park, Md. National Archives and Records Administration
Bureau of Insular Affairs, Record Group 350
General Records of the Department of State, Record Group 59 Despatches from Foreign Ministers in Spain, Vol. 89
Despatches from United States Ministers to Turkey, 1818–1906
Despatches from U.S. Consuls at Tangier, Vol. 27
Diplomatic Instructions, Barbary Powers
Papers Relating to Foreigners in Morocco, 1877–1880. Vols. 425–26
Records of the Foreign Service Posts of the Department of State, Record Group 84
Dickinson, N.D. Dickinson State University, Theodore Roosevelt Center Roosevelt Digital Library. www.theodorerooseveltcenter.org
Eugene Schuyler Papers, Private Collection. Held with Patricia Herhily
Kew, Richmond, U.K. National Archives
Public Records Office
Laramie, Wy. American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
Lewis Einstein Papers
New York, N.Y. American Jewish Historical Society
Board of Delegates of American Israelites Records
Myer S. Isaacs Papers
New York, N.Y. Burke Library, Union Theological Seminar
Missionary Research Library Collection
Near East Relief Committee Records
New York, N.Y. Cleveland H. Dodge Foundation
Cleveland H. Dodge Papers, private collection
Oberlin, Ohio. Oberlin College Digital Archives
King-Crane Commission Digital Collection
Paris, France. Alliance Israélite Universelle
Archives of the Alliance Israélite Universelle
(p.386) Princeton, N.J. Princeton University, Rare Books and Special Collections, Manuscripts Collections, Firestone Memorial Library
Theodore Roosevelt Digital Library, Manuscript Division
Theodore Roosevelt Papers. http://www.theodorerooseveltcenter.org/Research/Digital-Library/Record.aspx?libid=o39931
Washington, D.C. Georgetown University Special Collections, Lauinger Library
Cornellius van H. Engert Papers
Washington, D.C. Library of Congress
Adams Family Papers
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions Archives
Charles Brent Papers
Clara Barton Papers
Elihu Root Papers
Eugene Schuyler Papers
Frank Carpenter Papers
Henry Morgenthau Papers
Henry White Papers
Hugh Lenox Scott Papers
John J. Pershing Papers
Joseph H. Choate Papers
Leonard Wood Papers
Robert Lee Bullard Papers
Theodore Roosevelt Papers
U.S. American Commission to Negotiate Peace Papers
Woodrow Wilson Papers
Newspapers and Periodicals
American Annual Register
American Jewish Year Book
American Ladies’ Magazine
American Review of Reviews
Baltimore Patriot and Mercantile Advisor
Boston Daily Advertiser
Brooklyn Daily Eagle Almanac
Bulletin de l’Alliance Israélite Universelle
Century Illustrated Magazine
Chicago Daily News
Christian and Missionary Alliance
City Gazette and Daily Advertiser (Charleston, S.C.)
Daily Illinois State Journal
Daily Inter Ocean (Chicago)
Duluth News-Tribune (Duluth, Minn.)
Florida Times Union
General Repository and Review
Grand Rapids Press (Grand Rapids, Mich.)
Jewish Chronicle and Hebrew Observer
Jewish Social Studies
Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States
Lend a Hand
London Daily News
Los Angeles Herald
Los Angeles Times
Macon Telegraph (Macon, Ga.)
New England Magazine
New England Quarterly
New Hampshire Observer
New York American
New-York Commercial Advertiser
New York Evangelist
New York Evening Post
New York Herald
New York Observer and Chronicle
New York Observer and Herald
New York Recorder
New York Times
New York Tribune
North American Review
Omaha World Herald
Overland Monthly and Out West Magazine
Pacific Historical Review
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography
Pennsylvania Washington Reporter
Philadelphia Democratic Press
Philadelphia Weekly Democrat
Providence Evening Press
Reading Times (Reading, Pa.)
San Francisco Call
San Jose Evening News (San Jose, Calif.)
Slavonic and East European Review
Stanford Electronic Humanities Review
State (Columbia, S.C.)
William and Mary Quarterly
Austin, Oscar P. Colonial Administration, 1800–1900: Methods of Government and Development Adopted by the Principal Colonizing Nations in Their Control of Tropical and Other Colonies and Dependencies. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1901.
Gillard, David, ed. British Documents on Foreign Affairs—Reports and Papers from the Foreign Office Confidential Print, Part I, From the Mid-Nineteenth Century to the First World War, Series B, The Near and Middle East. Vol. 2. Frederick, Md.: University Publications of America, 1984.
Hansard Parliamentary Debates. 17 July 1876. http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/.
Johnson, Andrew. Message from the President of the United States, in Answer to a Resolution of the House of the 17th ultimo, Relative to the Revolution in Candia. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1867.
Monroe, James. Message from the President of the United States Transmitting a Report of the Secretary of State, Upon the Subject of the Present Condition and Future Prospects of the Greeks. Washington, D.C.: [s.n.], 1823.
Philippines Commission. Report of the Philippines Commission to the Secretary of War. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1900–16.
U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of the Philippine Islands: 1903. 4 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1905.
U.S. Congress. Congressional Record. Vol. 28. 54th Cong., 22 January 1896.
———. Cleveland, Grover. “Fourth Annual Message (second term).” Vol. 28, pr. 1, 108. 54th Cong., 1st sess., 7 December 1896.
———. Proceedings and Debates of the United States Congress. Vol. 117, part 6, 8802.
———. Senate, 55th Cong., 3rd sess., Tuesday, 7 February 1899.
———. Vol. 3. 56th Congress, 1st sess.
———. Vol. 44. 61st Cong., 1st sess.
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Annals of Congress of the United States, 17th Cong., 2nd sess., 24 December 1822. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1823.
———. Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States, Being the First Session of the Eighteenth Congress Begun and Held at the City of Washington. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1823.
———. Memorial of a Committee Appointed at a Public Meeting of the Citizens of New York to Take into Consideration the Situation of the Greeks. 18th Cong., 1st sess. Washington, D.C.: Gale and Seaton, 1823.
(p.389) U.S. Congress. Senate Committee on the Philippines. Affairs in the Philippine Islands: Hearings before the Committee of the Philippines of the United States Senate. 57th Cong., 1st sess., 1902. S. Doc. 331.
———. Attack by United States Troops on Mount Dajo, 59th Cong., 1st sess., 1906. Doc. 289.
———. Report of John C. Bates on Agreement with Sultan of Sulu. 56th Cong., 1st sess., 1 February 1900. Doc. 136.
U.S. Department of State. Papers Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1861–1922.
———. Papers Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States: The Lansing Papers, 1914–1920. 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1939–40.
U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Statistics. “Missionaries in Morocco.” Consular Reports, Serial Vol. 3419, sess. 52, Serial Set 3419 H. doc. 132.
War Department. Annual Reports of the War Department. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1903.
Published Primary Sources
Adams, Charles Francis, ed. Memoirs of John Quincy Adams: Comprising Portions of His Diary from 1795 to 1848. 12 vols. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1874–77.
Adams, John Quincy. Writings of John Quincy Adams. 7 vols. New York: MacMillan, 1913–17.
Ade, George. The Sultan of Sulu. New York: M. Witmark, 1902.
Adler, Cyrus. “Jews in American Diplomatic Correspondence.” Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society 15 (1906).
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Sixty-Ninth Annual Report of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Boston: Riverside Press, 1879.
American Committee for the Independence of Armenia. America as a Mandatory for Armenia. New York: American Committee for the Independence of Armenia, 1919.
Anderson, Rufus. History of the Missions of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions to the Oriental Churches. Vol. 1. Boston: Congregational Publishing Company, 1872.
———. To Advance the Gospel: Selections from the Writings of Rufus Anderson. Edited by R. Pierce Beaver. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans, 1967.
Angell, James. The Reminiscences of James B. Angell. New York: Longmans, Green, 1912.
Armenian Assembly of America. The Armenian Genocide and America’s Outcry: A Compilation of U.S. Documents, 1890–1923. Washington, D.C.: Armenian Assembly of America, 1985.
Atkinson, Tacy. “The German, the Turk and the Devil Made a Triple Alliance”: Harpoot Diaries, 1908–1917. Princeton, N.J.: Gomidas Institute, 2000.
Austin, Oscar P. Uncle Sam’s Children: A Story of Life in the Philippines. New York: D. Appleton, 1906.
Baring, Evelyn. Modern Egypt. Vol. 2. New York: Macmillan, 1908.
Barnwell, R. Grant. The Russo-Turkish War. Toledo, Ohio: I. D. Cartright, 1878.
Barrett, John. “The Cuba of the Far East.” North American Review 164 (February 1897): 176.
Barrows, David P. The Bureau of Non-Christian Tribes for the Philippine Islands: Circular of Information Instructions for Volunteer Field Workers. Manila: n.p., 1901.
Barrows, John Henry. The World’s Parliament of Religions: An Illustrated and Popular Story of the World’s First Parliament of Religions, Held in Chicago in Connection with the Columbian Exposition of 1893. Vol. 1. Chicago: Parliament Publishing Company, 1893.
Barton, Clara. The Red Cross. Washington D.C.: American National Red Cross, 1898.
———. The Red Cross in Peace and War. Washington, D.C.: American Historical Press, 1906.
———. “The Red Cross in Turkey.” Methodist Magazine and Review, April 1897, 301.
Barton, James. Daybreak in Turkey. Boston: Pilgrim Press, 1908.
———. Story of Near East Relief, 1915–1930: An Interpretation. New York: Macmillan, 1930.
———. “Turkey and the Constitution.” Outlook, 19 September 1908.
———. “The War and the Mohammedan World.” Biblical Review (January 1919): 43.
Bateman, Cephus. “Moro Priests.” The Standard 52 (25 March 1905): 8–9.
———. “The Rise of a Sultan: A Tale of Moro Reconstruction.” Overland Monthly and Out West Magazine, March 1905.
———. “Taming the Moro.” Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 34 (March–April 1904): 261.
Bell, Edward Price. Future of the Philippines: Interviews with Manuel Quezon. Chicago: Chicago Daily News, 1925.
Benjamin, Anna Northend. “Our Mohammedan Wards in Sulu.” Outlook, 18 November 1899.
Bishop, Joseph. Theodore Roosevelt and His Time Shown in His Own Letters. Vol. 1. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1920.
Blackwell, Alice Stone. “The Armenian Question.” Outlook, 28 October 1893, 779.
Blau, Joseph, and Salo Baron, eds. The Jews of the United States, 1790–1840: A Documentary History. Vol. 3. New York: Columbia University Press, 1963.
Bliss, Edwin. Turkey and the Armenian Atrocities: A Reign of Terror. Philadelphia: Hubbard, 1896.
Bliss, Reverend Howard. “A Letter from Mount Lebanon.” New York Observer and Chronicle, 20 December 1860.
Blount, James H. The American Occupation of the Philippines, 1898–1912. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1912.
Board of Delegates of American Israelites. Constitution and By-Laws of the Board of Delegates of American Israelites. New York: Joseph Davis Printer, 1860.
———. Suitors and Suppliants: The Little Nations at Versailles. New York: Prentice Hall, 1946.
Brands, H. W., ed. The Selected Letters of Theodore Roosevelt. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2007.
Brookes, Francis. Barbarian Cruelty: Being a True History of the Distressed Condition of the Christian Capitol under the Tyranny of Mully Ishmael Emperor of Morocco, and King of Fez and Macqueness in Barbary: In which Is Likewise Given a Particular Account of His Late Wars with the Algerines. Boston: Reprinted for S. Phillips, 1700.
Bryan, William Jennings. Bryan on Imperialism. New York: Arno Press, 1970. Reprint. Originally published under title: Imperialism: Extracts from Speeches, Interviews and Articles. S.l.: s.n., 1900.
———. The Memoirs of William Jennings Bryan, by Himself and His Wife Mary Baird Bryan. New York: Haskell House, 1971.
Bryce, James, and Arnold Toynbee. The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, 1915–1916: Documents Presented to Viscount Grey of Fallodon by Viscount Bryce: Uncensored Edition. Edited by Ara Sarafian. Princeton, N.J.: Gomidas Institute, 2005.
Bullard, Robert Lee. Personalities and Reminiscences of the War. New York: Doubleday, Page, 1925.
Bush, George W. “Remarks by the President upon Arrival: The South Lawn,” 16 September 2001. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2001/09/20010916-2.html. Accessed 1 June 2013.
“The Call to the Philippines.” Christian and Missionary Alliance 21 (3 August 1898): 98–100.
Cardashian, Vahan. “Should America Accept a Mandate for Armenia?” In American Committee for the Independence of Armenia, America as a Mandatory for Armenia: Notes and Opinions, edited by Armenian Committee for the Independence of Armenia, 25–36. New York: Armenian Committee for the Independence of Armenia, 1919.
Carey, Mathew. Mathew Carey Autobiography. Brooklyn, N.Y.: E. L. Schwaab, 1942.
Carpenter, Frank G. “A Moro Cannibal of the Philippine Islands.” Atlanta Constitution, 19 March 1899.
Clay, Henry. The Works of Henry Clay, Comprising His Life, Correspondence and Speeches. Edited by Calvin Colton. 10 vols. New York: J. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1904.
Cleveland, Grover. “The Annual Message of the President,” 2 December 1895.
Cloman, Sydney, and N. N. Freeman. Myself and a Few Moros. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page, 1923.
———. A Soldier in the Philippines. New York: F. Tennyson Neely, 1901.
Columbus, Christopher. The Voyage of Christopher Columbus: Columbus’s Own Journal of Discovery. Newly restored and translated by John Cummins. New York: St. Martin’s, 1992.
Comstock, John Lee. History of the Greek Revolution: Compiled from Official Documents of the Greek Government. New York: William W. Reed, 1828.
Cushing, Caleb. “Opinion of the Attorney General Concerning the Judicial Powers of the Commissioner or Minister and of Consuls of the United States in Turkey and China.” In Treaties between the United States of America and China, Japan, Lewchew and Siam, Acts of Congress, and the Attorney-General’s Opinion, with the Decrees and Regulations Issued for the Guidance of the U.S. Consular Courts in China. 95:112. Hong Kong: n.p., 1862.
d’Anghiera, Pietry Martire. “The decades of the newe worlde or West India (1555).” In Race in Early Modern England: A Documentary Companion, edited by Ania Loomba and Jonathan Burton, 83–86. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Davis, Mrs. Jefferson. “The White Man’s Problem.” Arena, January–June 1900, 2.
Dwight, Harrison O. Christianity in Turkey: A Narrative of the Protestant Reformation in the Armenian Church. London: J. Nisbet, 1854.
Dwight, Henry Otis. “Our Mohammedan Wards.” Forum, March 1900, 15–31.
———. Turkish Life in War Time. New York: Scribner’s, 1881.
Dwight, William T. D. D. Selected Discourses of Sereno Edwards Dwight with a Memoir of his Life. Boston: Crocker & Brewster, 1851.
Einstein, Lewis. A Diplomat Looks Back. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1968.
———. Inside Constantinople: A Diplomatist’s Diary during the Dardanelles Expedition, April–September, 1915. London: John Murray, 1917.
———. Roosevelt: His Mind in Action. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1930.
Everett, Edward. “The Ethics of Aristotle to Nicomachus.” North American Review 36 (October 1823).
———. Mount Vernon Papers. New York: D. Appleton, 1860.
———[published anonymously]. “On the Literature and Language of Modern Greece.” General Repository and Review 3 (January 1813): 80–94.
———. Orations and Speeches on Various Occasions. Vol. 1. 2nd ed. Boston: C. Little & J. Brown, 1850.
———. Speech of the Hon. Edward Everett, in the House of Representative of the United States, March 9, 1826. Boston: Dutton & Wentworth, 1826.
Everett, Marshall. The Book of the Fair. Philadelphia: P. W. Zeigler, 1904.
Field, Henry Martin. From the Lakes of Killarney to the Golden Horn. New York: Scribner, Armstrong, 1877.
Filkins, Dexter. “A Region Inflamed: Strategy; Tough New Tactics by U.S. Tighten Grip on Iraq Towns.” New York Times, 7 December 2003.
Forbes, Archibald. “The Russians, the Turks, and the Bulgarians.” Eclectic Magazine, January 1878.
Forbes, William Cameron. The Philippine Islands. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1928.
French, Arthur J. P. “Wanted—a More Vigorous Policy.” Moslem World 9 (July 1919): 247.
Gallatin, Albert. The Writings of Albert Gallatin. Vol. 2. Edited by Henry Adams. New York: Antiquarian Press, 1960.
Gerard, James W. My First Eighty-Three Years in America: The Memoirs of James W. Gerard. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1951.
———. “Why America Should Accept Mandate for Armenia.” New York Times, 6 July 1919.
Gladstone, William E. Bulgarian Horrors and the Question of the East. New York: Lovell, Adam, Wesson, 1876.
———. The Slavonic Provinces of the Ottoman Empire: Address at Hawarden. London: Eastern Question Association, 1877.
Godkin, Edwin L. “Article VI: The Eastern Question.” North American Review 124 (January 1877): 108.
Gordon, Anna Adams. The Beautiful Life of Frances E. Willard: A Memorial Volume. Chicago: Women’s Temperance Publishing Association, 1898.
Greene, Frederick Davis. Armenian Massacres or the Sword of Mohammed, Containing a Complete and Thrilling Account of the Terrible Atrocities and Wholesale Murders Committed in Armenia by Mohammedan Fanatics, Including a Full Account of the Turkish People, Their History, Government, Manners, Customs and Strange Religious Belief. New York: Oxford, 1896.
Hadi, Mahdi F. Abdul, ed. Palestine: Documents. Jerusalem: Passia, 1997.
Haines, F. E. H. Jonas King: Missionary to Syria and Greece. New York: American Tract Society, 1879.
Hall, William H. The Reconstruction of Turkey: A Series of Reports Compiled for the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief. New York: n.p., 1918.
Hamlin, Cyrus. “The Armenians.” Boston Journal, 14 April 1894.
———. “Cross and Crescent.” Christian Union, 4 October 1876.
———. “A Dangerous Movement among the Armenians.” Congregationalist, 28 December 1893.
———. My Life and Times. Boston: Congregational Sunday-School and Publishing Society, 1893.
Harbord, James G. America in the World War. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1933.
———. Conditions in the Near East: Report of the American Military Mission to Armenia. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1920.
———. Leaves from a War Diary. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1925.
Harrison, Francis Burton. Origins of the Philippine Republic: Extracts from the Diaries and Records of Francis Burton Harrison. Ithaca, N.Y.: Southeast Asia Program, Dept. of Asian Studies, Cornell University, 1974.
Hayes, Rutherford B. “State of the Union” (speech), 6 December 1880.
Holly, James Theodore, W. H. Council, J. Montgomery McGovern, W. S. McCurley, and Booker T. Washington. “The Race Problem: A Symposium.” Arena 21 (April 1899): 422–46.
Hoover, Herbert. The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover: Years of Adventure, 1874–1920. New York: MacMillan, 1951.
Horton, George. The Blight of Asia: An Account of the Systematic Extermination of Christian Populations by Mohammedans and of the Culpability of Certain Great (p.394) Powers: With a True Story of the Burning of Smyrna. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1926.
House, Edward Mandell, and Charles Seymour. What Really Happened at Paris: The Story of the Peace Conference, 1918–1919. New York: Scribner’s Sons, 1921.
Howe, Samuel Gridley. An Historical Sketch of the Greek Revolution. New York: White Gallaher & White, 1828.
Jessup, Henry. The Mohammedan Missionary Problem. Philadelphia: Presbyterian Board of Publication, 1879.
Johnson, J. Augustus. The Life of a Citizen at Home and in Foreign Service. New York: Vail Ballou Press, 1915.
Kennan, George. “The Philippines: Present Conditions and Possible Courses of Action—III.” Outlook 67 (9 March 1901): 576–84.
Kohler, Max J., and Simon Wolf. Jewish Disabilities in the Balkan States. New York: American Jewish Committee, 1916.
Lansing, Robert. The Peace Negotiations: A Personal Narrative. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1921.
———. War Memoirs of Robert Lansing, Secretary of State. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1935.
Laubach, Frank. The People of the Philippines. New York: George Doran, 1925.
Leland, John. “Extracts from Number Two: A Little Sermon, Sixteen Minutes Long.” In The Writings of the Late Elder John Leland, Including Some Events in His Life, Written by Himself, with Additional Sketches, & c, edited by L. F. Greene, 408–12. New York: G. W. Wood, 1845.
Lincoln, Abraham. The Language of Liberty: The Political Speeches and Writings of Abraham Lincoln. Edited by Joseph R. Fournier. Washington D.C.: Regnery, 2003.
Link, Arthur S., ed. The Papers of Woodrow Wilson. 69 vols. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1966.
Lobingier, Charles Sumner. “America’s Precedent for Mandates.” American Review of Reviews 61 (January 1920): 60–62.
Loewe, L., ed. Diaries of Sir Moses and Lady Montefiore. Vol. 2. London: Griffith Farran, Okeden & Walsh, 1890.
Macdonald, D. B. “Anno Domini 1919.” Moslem World 9 (January 1919): 2.
MacGahan, Januarius. The Turkish Atrocities in Bulgaria, Letters of the Special Commissioner of the “Daily News,” J. A. MacGahan Asq., with an Introduction and Mr. Schuyler’s Preliminary Report. London: Bradbury, Agnew, 1876.
Mahan, Albert Thayer. The Problem of Asia and Its Effect upon International Policies. Boston: Little Brown, 1900.
Malcolm, M. Vartan. The Armenians in America. Boston: Pilgrim Press, 1919.
Martens, G. F. de. Summary of the Law of Nations, Founded on the Treaties and Customs of the Modern Nations of Europe: With a List of the Principal Treaties. Translated by William Cobbett. Philadelphia: Thomas Bradford, 1795.
Mather, Cotton. Decennium Luctuosum: An History of Remarkable Occurrences, in the Long War, Which New-England Hath Had with the Indian Salvages, from the (p.395) Year, 1688 to the Year 1698. Boston: Printed by B. Green and J. Allen for Samuel Phillips, 1699.
Mayer, H. Y. “Some Impressions of the Passing Show.” New York Times, 18 March 1906.
McCutchen, Robert T. “Islam in the Philippine Islands.” Moslem World 9 (July 1919): 239.
McGee, W. J. “The Trend of Human Progress.” American Anthropologist, July 1899.
McKee, John. “News and Notes from Wide Fields.” Christian and Missionary Alliance, 31 October 1903.
———. “Shall the Moros Be Evangelized; Or Shall an Unwise American Treaty Succeed in Shutting Out the Gospel?” Christian and Missionary Alliance, 2 August 1902.
Merrill, M. R. “Hitch in Holy War Due to Racial Hate.” Grand Rapids Press, 4 February 1915.
Miller, Donald E., and Lorna Touryan Miller. Survivors: An Oral History of the Armenian Genocide. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.
Miller, Oliver C. “The Semi-civilized Tribes of the Philippine Islands.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, July 1901, 43–63.
Monroe, James. “1822 State of the Union Address,” 22 December 1822.
———. The Writings of James Monroe, Including a Collection of His Public and Private Papers and Correspondence Now for the First Time Printed. Edited by Stanislaus Murray Hamilton. 7 vols. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1898–1903.
Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat. The Spirit of Laws. Vol. 2. Translated by Thomas Nugent. New York: Cosimo, 2011.
Morgan, John T. “What Shall We Do with the Conquered Islands?” North American Review 166 (June 1898): 645.
Morgenthau, Henry. All in a Life-Time. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page, 1922.
———. Ambassador Morgenthau’s Story. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2003.
———. “Mandates or War: World Peace Held to Be Menaced unless the United States Assumes Control of the Sultan’s Former Dominions.” New York Times, 9 November 1919.
———. United States Diplomacy on the Bosphorus: The Diaries of Henry Morgenthau, 1913–1916. Princeton, N.J.: Gomidas Institute, 2004
Morison, Elting E., et al. The Letters of Theodore Roosevelt. 8 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1951–54.
Murray, Robert Hammond. “The Pacifier of the Philippines: The Strenuous and Adventurous Career of General Leonard Wood.” World’s Work, October 1908, 10774.
New York Committee. Address of the Committee of the Greek Fund, of the City of New York, to their Fellow-citizens Throughout the United States. New York: J. W. Palmer, 1823.
Noah, Mordecai. The Selected Writings of Mordecai Noah. Edited by Michael Schuldiner and Daniel J. Kleinfeld. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1999.
Perdicaris, Ion. American Claims and the Protection of Native Subjects in Morocco. London: Printed for Ion Perdicaris by W. P. Griffith & Sons, 1886.
Persecution of the Jews in the East, Containing the Proceedings of a Meeting Held at Mikveh Israel, Philadelphia, on Thursday Evening, the 28th of Ab, 5600, Corresponding with the 27th of August, 1840. Philadelphia, 1840.
Peters, Carolyn, and John T. Wooley. “Republican Party Platform of 1896.” The American Presidency Project. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=29629. Accessed 4 October 2014.
Philippine Council, Institute of Pacific Relations. “The Development of Mindanao and the Future of the Non-Christians.” Manila: Philippine Council, Institute of Pacific Relations, 1938.
Pierce, Rev. James Wilson., ed. Story of Turkey and Armenia. Baltimore: R. H. Woodward Company, 1896.
Post, Henry A. V. A Visit to Greece and Constantinople, in the Year 1827–1828, by Henry A. V. Post, One of the Agents of the New York Greek Committee. New York: Carey & Hart, 1830.
Quezon, Manuel L. “First State of the Nation Address,” 16 June 1936. In Philippines Commonwealth Anniversary Committee, White Book of the Commonwealth of the Philippines: An Authentic Record of the Celebration of the First Anniversary of the Commonwealth of the Philippines on November 15, 1936. Manila: Bureau of Printing, 1937.
Richardson, James D. A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789–1897. Washington. D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1898.
Riggs, Charles Trowbridge. “The Waning Crescent in Turkey.” Moslem World 9 (January 1919): 68–79.
Riggs, Henry H. Days of Tragedy in Armenia: Personal Experiences in Harpoot, 1915–1917. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Gomidas Institute, 1997.
Rodgers, James B. Forty Years in the Philippines: A History of the Philippine Mission of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, 1899–1939. New York: Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, 1940.
Roosevelt, Theodore. The Autobiography of Theodore Roosevelt. Edited by Wayne Andrews. New York: Scribner, 1958.
———. “Expansion and Peace.” Independent, 21 December 1899.
———. Fear God and Take Your Own Part. New York: George H. Doran, 1916.
———. “First Annual Message.” State of the Union Address, 3 December 1901. The American Presidency Project. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=29542. Accessed 29 March 2015.
———. “The Strenuous Life.” In The Strenuous Life: Essays and Addresses. By Theodore Roosevelt, 1–24. New York: Cosimo, 2006.
———. Theodore Roosevelt, History as Literature and Other Essays. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1913.
———. Theodore Roosevelt’s Diaries of Boyhood and Youth. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1928.
Rusling, James F. “Interview with President McKinley.” Christian Advocate, 22 January 1903, 810.
Saleeby, Najeeb M. The History of Sulu. Manila: Filipiniana Book Guild, 1963.
———. The Moro Problem: An Academic Discussion of the History and Solution of the Problem of the Government of the Moros of the Philippine Islands. Manila: Press of E. C. McCullough, 1913.
Salter, C. C. “The Solution to the Eastern Question.” Missionary Herald 72 (December 1876): 392–93.
Sarafian, Ara, ed. British Parliamentary Debates on the Armenian Genocide, 1915–1918. Princeton, N.J.: Gomidas Institute, 2003.
———. United States Official Documents on the Armenian Genocide: Compiled and Introduced by Ara Sarafian. 3 vols. Watertown, Mass.: Armenian Review, 1993.
Schaeffer, Evelyn Schuyler. Eugene Schuyler Selected Essays, with a Memoir by Evelyn Schuyler Schaeffer. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1901.
Schiff, Jacob H. Jacob H. Schiff: His Life and Letters. Edited by Cyrus Adler. Grosse Pointe, Mich.: Scholarly Press, 1968.
Schurman, Jacob Gould. Philippine Affairs: A Retrospect and Outlook. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1902.
Schuyler, Eugene. “United Bulgaria.” North American Review 141 (November 1885): 468.
Scott, Hugh Lenox. Some Memories of a Soldier. New York: Century, 1928.
Selden, Charles. “Counting upon Us to Save Armenia.” New York Times, 14 August 1919.
Seward, William Henry. Life and Public Services of John Quincy Adams, Sixth President of the United States, with the Eulogy Delivered before the Legislature of New York. Port Auburn, N.Y.: Derby, Miller, 1849.
Smith, John. The True Travels, Adventures and Observations of Captaine John Smith. London: Printed by John Haviland for Thomas Slater at the Blew Bible in Greene Arbour, 1630.
Snow, Alpheus Henry. The Administration of Dependencies: A Study of the Evolution of the Federal Empire, with Special Reference to American Colonial Problems. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1902.
Stein, Robert. “Armenia Must Have a European Governor.” Arena, May 1895, 368.
Stillman, William. Articles and Despatches from Crete. Austin, Tex.: Center for Neo-Hellenic Studies, 1976.
———. The Autobiography of a Journalist. 2 vols. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1901.
———. “The Farce in the Levant.” Nation 8 (21 January 1869): 48.
———. “War in Candia.” Nation 4 (October 1866): 275–77.
Stoddard, Lothrop. The New World of Islam. London: Chapman and Hall, 1922.
———. The Rising Tide of Color against White World Supremacy. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1921.
(p.398) Storey, Joseph. Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States with a Preliminary Review of the Constitutional History of the Colonies and States, before the Adoption of the Constitution. Boston: Hilliard Gray, 1833.
Storey, Moorfield. The Moro Massacre. Boston: Anti-Imperialist League, 1906.
Straus, Oscar S. Under Four Administrations: From Cleveland to Taft. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1922.
Strong, Josiah. “A Door into the Mohammedan World.” New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Library Archives, n.d.
———. Expansion: Under New World Conditions. New York: Baker & Taylor, 1900.
———. Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis. New York: Baker & Taylor, 1885.
Sweet, O. J. “American Rule in the Sulus.” Independent, 3 October 1901.
Taft, William H. The Collected Works of William Howard Taft. Vol. 1. Edited by David H. Burton. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2001.
Tan, Samuel K. Filipino Muslim Perceptions of Their History and Culture as Seen through Indigenous Written Sources. Zamboanga City, Philippines: SKT Publications, 2003.
———. Surat Sug: Letters of the Sultanate of Sulu. 2 vols. Compiled by Samuel K. Tan. Manila: National Historical Institute, 2005.
Temple, Daniel H. Life and Letters of Rev. Daniel Temple, for Twenty-Three Years a Missionary of the A. B. C. F. M. in Western Asia. Boston: Congregational Board of Publication, 1855.
Tocqueville, Alexis de. Democracy in America. Vol. 1. New York: George Dearborn, 1838.
Toynbee, Arnold J. Armenian Atrocities, the Murder of a Nation. New York: Hodder & Stoughton, 1915.
———. Christianity among the Religions of the World. New York: Scribner, 1957.
———. A Study of History. 12 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1939–61.
———. The Western Question in Greece and Turkey: A Study in the Contact of Civilisations. London: Constable, 1922.
Van-Lessep, H. J. D. D. “Turkish Barbarity.” New York Evangelist, 28 September 1876.
Washburn, George. “American Influence in Bulgaria.” Amherst Graduates’ Quarterly 2 (1913): 206.
———. Fifty Years in Constantinople and Recollections of Robert College. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1911.
Webster, Daniel. Daniel Webster, “The Completest Man.” Edited by Kenneth E. Shewmaker. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1990.
———. The Papers of Daniel Webster. Series 1. Vol. 1. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1974–89.
———. “The Revolution in Greece: A Speech Delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, on the 19th of January, 1824.” In The Great Speeches and Orations of Daniel Webster. 57–76. Boston: Little Brown, 1919.
Wheaton, Henry, and William Beach Lawrence. Elements of International Law. Boston: Little, 1857.
Whitmarsh, Phelps. “The Sulu Archipelago.” Outlook, 26 January 1901.
Willard, Frances. “Introduction.” In Edwin Bliss, Turkey and the Armenian Atrocities: A Reign of Terror, 1–4. Philadelphia: Hubbard Publishing, 1896.
Wilson, Woodrow. “Address to a Joint Session of Congress Calling for a Declaration of War.” In Woodrow Wilson: Essential Writings and Speeches of the Scholar-President, edited by Mario R. Dinunzio, 397–402. New York: New York University Press, 2006.
———. The Bible as Progress. New York: Globe Litho, 1911.
Winthrop, Thomas, Edward Everett, and Members of the Boston Committee for the Relief of the Greeks. Address of the Committee Appointed at a Public Meeting Held in Boston, December 19, 1823, for the Relief of the Greeks, to Their Fellow Citizens. Boston: Press of the North American Review, 1823.
Winthrop, W. Colonel. “The Problem of the Philippines: Racial, Commercial, Religious, Political, and Social Conditions.” Outlook, 11 June 1898, 382–83.
Wise, Isaac M. “The Alliance.” Israelite, 26 May 1865.
Wood, Leonard. Chasing Geronimo: The Journal of Leonard Wood, May–September 1886. Edited by Jack C. Lane. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2006.
Worcester, Dean. “Knotty Problems of the Philippines.” Century Illustrated Magazine, October 1898, 876.
———. “The Malay Pirates of the Philippines: With Observations from Personal Experience.” Century Illustrated Magazine, September 1898, 876.
———. The Philippine Islands and Their People. New York: Macmillan, 1898.
Zwemer, Samuel. “Supernational Because Supernatural.” Moslem World 9 (January 1919): 4–6.
Zwemer, Samuel, E. M. Wherry, and James Barton, eds. The Mohammedan World of To-Day: Being Papers Read at the First Missionary Conference on Behalf of the Mohammed World, Held at Cairo, April 4th–9th, 1906. New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1906.
Abinales, Patricio N. Making Mindanao: Cotabato and Davao in the Formation of the Philippine Nation-State. Quezon City, Philippines: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2002.
———. Orthodoxy and History in the Muslim-Mindanao Narrative. Quezon City, Philippines: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2010.
Abinales, Patricio N., and Donna J. Amoroso. State and Society in the Philippines. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.
Abinales, Patricio N., and Nathan Gilbert Quimpo, eds. The U.S. and the War on Terror in the Philippines. Manila: Anvil, 2008.
Abitbol, Michel. Les Juifs d’Afrique du Nord sous Vichy. Paris: G. P. Maisonneuve & Larose, 1983.
Abu-Ghazaleh, Adnan. American Missions in Syria: A Study of American Missionary Contributions to Arab Nationalism in 19th Century Syria. Brattleboro, Vt.: Amana, 1990.
Adas, Michael. Islamic and European Expansion: The Forging of a Global Order. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1993.
Adelson, Roger. London and the Invention of the Middle East: Money, Power, and War, 1902–1922. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1995.
Adib-Moghaddam, Arshin. A Metahistory of the Clash of Civilisations: Us and Them beyond Orientalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011.
Adler, Cyrus. With Firmness in the Right: American Diplomatic Action Affecting Jews, 1840–1945. New York: Arno, 1977.
Aftandilian, Gregory L. Armenia, Vision of a Republic: The Independence Lobby in America, 1918–1927. Boston: Charles River Books, 1981.
Akçam, Taner. From Empire to Republic: Turkish Nationalism and the Armenian Genocide. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
———. The Young Turks’ Crime against Humanity. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. 2012.
Aksakal, Mustafa. “‘Holy War Made in Germany’? Ottoman Origins of the 1915 Jihad.” War in History 18, no. 2 (2011): 184–99.
———. The Ottoman Road to War in 1914: The Ottoman Empire and the First World War. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Al-Djazairi, Salah Eddine. The Myth of Muslim Barbarism and its Aims. Manchester, U.K.: Bayt Al-Hikma, 2007.
Alexander, Jeffrey C., and Philip Smith, “The Discourse of American Civil Society: A New Proposal for Cultural Studies.” Theory and Society 22 (April 1993): 151–207.
Allison, Robert. Crescent Obscured: The United States and the Muslim World, 1776–1815. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1971.
Amoroso, Donna J. “Inheriting the ‘Moro Problem’: Muslim Authority and Colonial Rule in British Malaya and the Philippines.” In The American Colonial State in the Philippines: Global Perspectives, edited by Julian Go and Anne L. Foster, 118–47. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2003.
Anagnostou, Yiorgos. Contours of White Ethnicity: Popular Ethnography and the Making of Usable Pasts in Greek America. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2009.
Anderson, Dorothy. The Balkan Volunteers. London: Hutchinson, 1968.
Anderson, Eugene. The First Moroccan Crisis, 1904–1906. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1930.
Anderson, Matthew Smith. The Great Powers and the Near East, 1774–1923. London: Edward Arnold, 1970.
Andrew, Christopher M., and Alexander Sydney Kanya-Forstner. The Climax of French Imperial Expansion, 1914–1924. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1981.
Antelyes, Peter. Tales of Adventurous Enterprise: Washington Irving and the Poetics of Western Expansion. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990.
Arendt, Hannah. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Schocken, 2004.
Ariel, Yaakov. “An Unexpected Alliance: Christian Zionism and Its Historical Significance.” Modern Judaism 26 (February 2006): 74–100.
Armitage, David. The Declaration of Independence: A Global History. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2007.
———. “The Declaration of Independence and International Law.” William and Mary Quarterly 59 (January 2002): 38–64.
Armitage, David, and Sanjay Subrahmanyam, eds. The Age of Revolutions in a Global Context, c. 1760–1840. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
Arnakis, George Georgiades. American Consul in a Cretan War: William J. Stillman. Austin, Tex.: Center for Neo-Hellenic Studies, 1966.
———, ed. George Jarvis: His Journal and Related Documents. Thessaloniki, Greece: Institute for Balkan Studies, 1965.
Arnold, James. The Moro War: How America Battled a Muslim Insurgency in the Philippine Jungle, 1902–1913. New York: Bloomsbury, 2011.
Assaraf, Robert. Une Certaine Histoire des Juifs du Maroc. Paris: Jean-Claude Gawsewitch, 2005.
Astourian, Stephan H. “The Silence of the Land: Agrarian Relations, Ethnicity, and Power.” In A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire, edited by Ronald Grigor Suny and Fatma Muge Gōçek, 55–81. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Ataöv, Türkkaya, ed. The Armenians in the Late Ottoman Period. Ankara: Turkish Historical Society, 2001.
Avtorkhanov, Abdulrahman, et al., eds. The North Caucasus Barrier: The Russian Advance towards the Muslim World. New York: St. Martin’s, 1992.
Aydin, Mustafa, and Çağri Erhan, eds. Turkish-American Relations: Past, Present and Future. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Bacevich, Andrew J. Diplomat in Khaki: Major General Frank Ross McCoy and American Foreign Policy, 1898–1949. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1989.
Badem, Candan. The Ottoman Crimean War, 1853–1856. Boston: Brill, 2010.
Baepler, Paul Michel. White Slaves, African Masters: An Anthology of American Barbary Captivity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.
Baer, Marc David. The Dönme: Jewish Converts, Muslim Revolutionaries, and Secular Turks. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2010.
Bailyn, Bernard. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1965.
Balakian, Peter. The Burning Tigris: The Armenian Genocide and America’s Response. New York: Perennial, 2003.
———. “From Ezra Pound to Theodore Roosevelt: American Intellectual and Cultural Responses to the Armenian Genocide.” In America and the Armenian (p.402) Genocide, edited by Jay Winter, 240–55. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Baldoz, Rick. The Third Asiatic Invasion: Migration and Empire in Filipino America, 1898–1946. New York: New York University Press, 2011.
Barder, Alexander D. Empire Within: International Hierarchy and Its Imperial Laboratories of Governance. New York: Routledge, 2015.
Bartov, Omer, and Phyllis Mack, eds. In God’s Name: Genocide and Religion in the Twentieth Century. New York: Berghahn, 2001.
Bass, Gary J. Freedom’s Battle: The Origins of Humanitarian Intervention. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2008.
Battistini, Robert. “Glimpses of the Other before Orientalism: The Muslim World in Early American Periodicals, 1785–1800.” Early American Studies 8 (Spring 2010): 446–74.
Bauzon, Kenneth España. “Islamic Nationalism in the Philippines: Reflections in Socio-political Analysis.” Ph.D. diss., Duke University, 1981.
Baylen, Joseph O. “Senator John Tyler Morgan and Negro Colonization in the Philippines, 1901 to 1902.” Phylon (1st Quarter 1968): 65–75.
Baymoumi, Moustafa. “Racing Religion.” New Centennial Review 6 (Fall 2006): 267–93.
Beale, Howard K. Theodore Roosevelt and the Rise of America to World Power. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1956.
Beaton, Roderick, and David Ricks, eds. The Making of Modern Greece: Nationalism, Romanticism, and the Uses of the Past, 1797–1896. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2009.
Bellamy, Alex J. Massacres and Morality: Mass Atrocities in an Age of Civilian Immunity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1949.
———. John Quincy Adams and the Union. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1956.
———, ed. The American Secretaries of State and Their Diplomacy. Vols. 1–10. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1928–59.
Benbassa, Esther, and Aron Rodrigue. Sephardi Jewry: A History of the Judeo-Spanish Community, 14th–20th Centuries. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
Bender, Thomas. A Nation among Nations: America’s Place in World History. New York: Hill & Wang, 2006.
Benjamin, Russell, and Gregory O. Hall, eds. Eternal Colonialism. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 2010.
Ben-Srhir, Khalidi. Britain and Morocco during the Embassy of John Drummond Hay, 1845–1886. New York: Routledge, 2005.
Berman, Jacob Rama. American Arabesque: Arabs, Islam, and the 19th-Century Imaginary. New York: New York University Press, 2012.
Bernas, Joaquin. A Historical and Juridical Study of the Philippine Bill of Rights. Manila: Ateneo University Press, 1971.
Berramdane, Abdelkhaleq. Le Maroc et l’Occident, 1800–1974. Paris: Karthala, 1987.
(p.403) Blight, Charles, and David Geyer. “Where in the World Is America? The History of the United States in the Global Age.” In Rethinking American History in a Global Age, edited by Thomas Bender, 63–100. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.
Bloxham, Donald. The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
———. “Internal Colonization, Inter-imperial Conflict and the Armenian Genocide.” In Empire, Colony, Genocide: Conquest, Occupation, and Subaltern Resistance in World History, edited by A. Dirk Moses, 325–42. New York: Berghahn, 2008.
Blum, Edward. Reforging the White Republic: Race, Religion and American Nationalism, 1865–1898. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2005.
Blumi, Isa. Ottoman Refugees, 1878–1939: Migration in a Post-imperial World. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2013.
Bobelian, Michael. Children of Armenia: A Forgotten Genocide and the Century-Long Struggle for Justice. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2009.
Bonney, Richard. False Prophets: The “Clash of Civilizations” and the Global War on Terror. Oxford: Peter Lang, 2008.
Bowden, Brett. The Empire of Civilization: The Evolution of an Imperial Idea. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.
Bowie, Leland. “An Aspect of Muslim-Jewish Relations in Late Nineteenth-Century Morocco: A European Diplomatic View.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 7 (January 1976): 3–19.
Braude, Benjamin, and Bernard Lews, eds. Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: The Functioning of a Plural Society. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1982.
Brecher, Frank. “Revisiting Ambassador Morgenthau’s Turkish Peace Mission of 1917.” Middle Eastern Studies 24 (July 1988): 413–27.
Brewer, David. Greece, the Hidden Centuries: Turkish Rule from the Fall of Constantinople to Greek Independence. London: I. B. Tauris, 2010.
———. The Greek War of Independence: The Struggle for Freedom from Ottoman Oppression. New York: Duckworth, 2011.
Bridge, F. R., and Roger Bullen. The Great Powers and the European States System, 1814–1914. 2nd ed. Harlow, U.K.: Pearson Education, 2005.
Bryson, Thomas A. Tars, Turks and Tankers: The Role of the United States Navy in the Middle East, 1800–1979. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1980.
Bull, Hedley, and Adam Watson, eds. The Expansion of International Society. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Burke, Edmund. Prelude to Protectorate in Morocco: Precolonial Protest and Resistance, 1860–1912. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976.
Burke, Edmund, and David Prochaska. Genealogies of Orientalism: History, Theory, Politics. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2008.
Burris, John P. Exhibiting Religion: Colonialism and Spectacle at International Expositions, 1851–1893. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2001.
Calhoun, Craig, Frederick Cooper, and Kevin W. Moore, eds. Lessons of Empire: Imperial Histories and American Power. New York: The New Press, 2006.
Carabott, Philip. “State, Society and the Religious ‘Other’ in Nineteenth-Century Greece.” Kambos: Cambridge Papers in Modern Greek 18 (2011): 1–24.
Carey, Hilary M. God’s Empire: Religion and Colonialism in the British World, c. 1801–1908. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Carmichael, Cathie. Ethnic Cleansing in the Balkans: Nationalism and the Destruction of Tradition. New York: Routledge, 2002.
Carpenter, Kaley. “A Worldly Errand: James L. Barton’s American Mission to the Near East.” Ph.D. diss., Princeton Theological Seminary, 2009.
Carpenter, Teresa. The Miss Stone Affair: America’s First Modern Hostage Crisis. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003.
Carwadine, Richard. Evangelicals and Politics in Antebellum America. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1993.
Celik, Zeynep. “Speaking Back to Orientalist Discourse.” In Orientalism’s Interlocutors: Painting, Architecture, Photography, edited by Jill Beaulieu and Mary Roberts. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2002.
Chang, Derek. Citizens of a Christian Nation: Evangelical Missions and the Problem of Race in the Nineteenth Century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.
Chaplin, Jonathan, and Robert Joustra, eds. God and Global Order: The Power of Religion in American Foreign Policy. Waco, Tex.: Baylor University Press, 2010.
Chatty, Dawn. Displacement and Dispossession in the Modern Middle East. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Cherry, Conrad, ed. God’s New Israel: Religious Interpretations of American Destiny. Rev. ed. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
Chester, Edward W. Africa and U.S. Foreign Policy. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1974.
Christison, Kathleen. Perceptions of Palestine: Their Influence on U.S. Middle East Policy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
Chyet, Stanley F. “The Political Rights of Jews in the United States: 1776–1841.” In Critical Studies in American Jewish History: Selected Articles from American Jewish Archives, edited by Jacob R. Marcus, 27–88. Cincinnati: American Jewish Archives, 1971.
Cirakman, Asli. From the “Terror of the World” to the “Sick Man of Europe”: European Images of the Ottoman Empire and Society from the Sixteenth Century to the Nineteenth. New York: Peter Lang, 2002.
Clark, Victoria. Allies for Armageddon: The Rise of Christian Zionism. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2007.
Clarke, James F. Bible Societies, American Missionaries, and the National Revival of Bulgaria. New York: Arno, 1971.
———. The Pen and the Sword: Studies in Bulgarian History. Boulder, Colo.: East European Monographs, 1988.
Clarke, James F., and George A. Tabakov, eds. MacGahan and Bulgaria, 1878–1978: A Centennial Commemoration, New Lexington, June 3, 1978. Akron, Ohio: MacGahan American-Bulgarian Foundation, 1979.
Clogg, Richard, ed. Balkan Society in the Age of Greek Independence. London: Macmillan, 1981.
———. The Movement for Greek Independence, 1770–1821: A Collection of Documents. London: Macmillan, 1976.
———. The Struggle for Greek Independence: Essays to Mark the 150th Anniversary of the Greek War of Independence. London: Macmillan, 1973.
Clymer, Kenton J. Protestant Missionaries in the Philippines, 1898–1916: An Inquiry into the American Colonial Mentality. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986.
Coffman, Elizabeth Hobbs. American Umpire. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2013.
Cogley, Richard. “The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Restoration of Israel in the ‘Judeo-centric’ Strand of Puritan Millenarianism.” Church History 72 (June 2003): 304–32.
Cohen, Marc. “The Neo-lachrymose Conception of Jewish-Arab History.” Tikkun 6 (May–June 1991): 55–64.
Cohen, Naomi. Jews in Christian America: The Pursuit of Religious Equality. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Cohler, Anne M. Montesquieu’s Comparative Politics and the Spirit of American Constitutionalism. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1988.
Coit, Margaret L. John C. Calhoun: American Portrait. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1950.
Colley, Linda. Captives. New York: Pantheon, 2002.
Cook, Ralph Elliott. “The United States and the Armenian Question, 1894–1924.” Ph.D. diss., Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, 1957.
Cooper, Frederick and Ann Laura Stoler. Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.
Coulson, Douglas. “Persecutory Agency in Racial Prerequisite Cases: Islam, Christianity and Martyrdom in United States v. Cartozian.” University of Miami Race and Social Justice Law Review 2 (2012): 117–88.
Cragg, Kenneth. The Arab Christian: A History in the Middle East. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1991.
Crampton, Richard J. Bulgaria, 1878–1918: A History. New York: East European Monographs, 1983.
———. A Short History of Modern Bulgaria. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1987.
———. “The Turks in Bulgaria, 1878–1944.” International Journal of Turkish Studies 4, no. 2 (1989): 42–77.
Crawley, Charles William. The Question of Greek Independence: A Study of British Policy in the Near East, 1821–1833. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1930.
Cruickshank, Earl Fee. “Morocco at the Parting of the Ways.” Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1935.
Curry, George. “Woodrow Wilson, Jan Smuts, and the Versailles Settlement.” American Historical Review 66 (July 1961): 968–86.
Curti, Merle. American Philanthropy Abroad. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1963.
———. Prelude to Point Four: American Technical Missions Overseas, 1838–1939. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1954.
Curtis, Edward E. Muslims in America: A Short History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Curtis, Michael. Verdict on Vichy: Power and Prejudice in the Vichy France Regime. New York: Arcade, 2002.
Daalder Ivo H., and James M. Lindsay. “American Empire, Not ‘If’ but ‘What Kind.’” New York Times, 10 May 2003.
Dadrian, Vahakn N. The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus. Providence, R.I.: Berghahn, 1995.
Dain, Bruce R. A Hideous Monster of the Mind: American Race Theory in the Early Republic. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002.
Dakin, Douglas. British and American Philhellenes during the Greek War for Independence. Thessaloniki, Greece: Institute for Balkan Studies, 1955.
———. The Greek Struggle for Independence, 1821–1833. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973.
Dale, Stephan Frederic. “Religious Suicide in Islamic Asia: Anticolonial Terrorism in India, Indonesia, and the Philippines.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 32 (March 1988): 37–59.
Daniel, Robert. American Philanthropy in the Near East, 1820–1960. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1970.
Daskalov, Rumen. The Making of a Nation in the Balkans: Historiography of the Bulgarian Revival. New York: Central European University Press, 2004.
David-Fox, Michael, Peter Holquist, and Alexander Martins, eds. Orientalism and Empire in Russia. Bloomington, Ind.: Slavica, 2006.
Davidson, Lawrence. America’s Palestine: Popular and Official Perceptions from Balfour to Israeli Statehood. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001.
Davis, John. The Landscape of Belief: Encountering the Holy Land in Nineteenth-Century American Art and Culture. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Davison, Roderic H. “Ottoman Public Relations in the Nineteenth Century: How the Sublime Porte Tried to Influence European Public Opinion.” In Histoire Économique et Social de l’Empire Ottoman de la Turquie, 1326–1960, edited by Daniel Panzac, 593–603. Paris: Peeters, 1995.
Dennis, Alfred Lewis. Adventures in American Diplomacy. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1928.
DeNovo, John A. American Interests and Policies in the Middle East, 1900–1939. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1969.
Despot, Igor. The Balkan Wars in the Eyes of the Warring Parties: Perceptions and Interpretations. Bloomington, Ind.: IUniverse, 2012.
Deutsch, Nathaniel. Inventing America’s “Worst” Family: Eugenics, Islam, and the Fall and Rise of the Tribe of Ishmael. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.
Diner, Hasia R. The Jews of the United States, 1654–2000. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.
———. A Time for Gathering: The Second Migration, 1820–1880. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.
Dinnerstein, Leonard. Uneasy at Home: Antisemitism and the American Jewish Experience. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.
Diouf, Sylviane. Servants of Allah: African Muslims Enslaved in the Americas. New York: New York University Press, 1998.
Dirks, Jerald. Muslims in American History: A Forgotten Legacy. Beltsville, Md.: Amana, 2006.
Doğan, Mehmet Ali, and Heather Sharkey, eds. American Missionaries and the Middle East: Foundational Encounters. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2011.
Doolen, Andy. Fugitive Empire: Locating Early American Imperialism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005.
Doty, Roxanne Lynn. Imperial Encounters: The Politics of Representation in North-South Relations. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.
Doumanis, Nicolas. Before the Nation: Muslim-Christian Coexistence and Its Destruction in Late Ottoman Anatolia. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Dowty, Alan. The Limits of American Isolation: The United States and the Crimean War. New York: New York University Press, 1971.
Doyle, Don H., ed. Secession as an International Phenomenon: From America’s Civil War to Contemporary Separatist Movements. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2010.
Drake, James D. The Nation’s Nature: How Continental Presumptions Gave Rise to the United States of America. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2011.
Drinnon, Richard. Facing West: The Metaphysics of Indian-Hating and Empire-Building. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980.
Dunbar, Elizabeth. Talcott Williams: Gentleman of the Fourth Estate. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Robert E. Simpson & Son, 1936.
Dyson, Stephen. Ancient Marbles to American Shores: Classical Archaeology in the United States. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998.
Earle, E. M. “American Interest in the Greek Cause, 1821–1827.” American Historical Review 33 (October 1927): 44–63.
Edgerton, Ronald King. People of the Middle Ground: A Century of Conflict and Accommodation in Central Mindanao, 1880s–1980s. Quezon City, Philippines: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2008.
Eisenberg, Ellen. First to Cry down Injustice: Western Jews and Japanese Internment during World War II. Lanham, Md.: Lexington, 2008.
Eisenhower, John S. D. Teddy Roosevelt and Leonard Wood: Partners in Command. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2014.
Ellis, Charles Howard. “Annex A: The Covenant.” In The Origin, Structure and Working of the League of Nations, edited by Charles Howard Ellis, 487–95. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1928.
Erhan, Cagri. “Ottoman Official Attitudes towards American Missionaries.” Turkish Yearbook 30 (2000): 196–201.
Esber, Rosemarie. Under the Cover of War: The Zionist Expulsion of the Palestinians. Alexandria, Va.: Arabicus Books & Media, 2008.
Etherington, Norman, ed. Missions and Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Farah, Caesar E. The Politics of Interventionism in Ottoman Lebanon, 1830–1861. New York: I. B. Tauris, 2000.
Fawaz, Leila Tarazi. An Occasion for War: Civil Conflict in Lebanon and Damascus in 1860. New York: I. B. Tauris, 1994.
Ferguson, Robert A. The American Enlightenment, 1750–1820. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1997.
Field, James A. America and the Mediterranean World, 1776–1882. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1969.
Fields, Karen E., and Barbara J. Fields. Racecraft: The Soul of Inequality in American Life. New York: Verso, 2012.
Figes, Orlando. Crimea: The Last Crusade. New York: Allen Lane, 2010.
Findley, Carter V. Turkey, Islam, Nationalism, and Modernity: A History, 1789–2007. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2010.
Fink, Carole. Defending the Rights of Others: The Great Powers, the Jews, and International Minority Protection, 1878–1938. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Finnie, David H. Pioneers East: The Early American Experience in the Middle East. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967.
Flournoy, Francis R. British Policy towards Morocco in the Age of Palmerston, 1830–1865. London: P. S. King & Son, 1935.
Foner, Eric. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Fortna, Benjamin C., Stefanos Katsikas, Dimitris Kamouzis, and Paraskevas Konortas, eds. State-Nationalisms in the Ottoman Empire, Greece and Turkey: Orthodox and Muslims, 1830–1945. New York: Routledge, 2013.
Foster, Anne L. Projections of Power: The United States and Europe in Colonial Southeast Asia, 1919–1941. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2010.
Foster, Gaines M. Moral Reconstruction: Christian Lobbyists and the Federal Legislation of Morality, 1865–1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
Frazee, Charles. The Orthodox Church and Independent Greece, 1821–1852. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1969.
Friedman, Ellen G. “Christian Captives at ‘Hard Labor’ in Algiers, 16th–18th Centuries.” International Journal of African Historical Studies 13, no. 4 (1980): 616–32.
Fromkin, David. A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East. London: Phoenix, 2000.
Frothingham, Paule Revere. Edward Everett, Orator and Statesman. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1925.
Fukuyama, Francis. “The End of History?” National Interest, Summer 1989, 3–18.
Fulton, Robert. Honor for the Flag: The Battle of Bud Dajo—1906 and the Moro Massacre. Bend, Ore.: Tumalo Creek Press, 2011.
———. Moroland, 1899–1906: America’s First Attempt to Transform an Islamic Society. Bend, Ore.: Tumalo Creek Press, 2007.
Gale, Robert L. John Hay. Boston: Twayne, 1978.
Gaunt, David. Massacres, Resistance, Protectors: Muslim-Christian Relations in Eastern Anatolia during World War I. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias, 2006.
Gelfand, Lawrence E. The Inquiry: American Preparations for Peace, 1917–1919. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1963.
George, Thayil J. S. Revolt in Mindanao: The Rise of Islam in Philippine Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.
Gerber, David A., ed. Anti-Semitism in American History. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986.
Gerges, Fawaz. America and Political Islam: Clash of Cultures or Clash of Interests? New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Gershovich, Moshe. French Military Rule in Morocco: Colonialism and Its Consequences. Portland, Ore.: F. Cass, 2000.
Gerstle, Gary. American Crucible: Race and Nation in the Twentieth Century. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001.
GhaneaBassiri, Kambiz. A History of Islam in America. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Gidney, James B. A Mandate for Armenia. Oberlin, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1967.
Gilroy, Paul. Small Acts: Thoughts on the Politics of Black Culture. London: Serpent’s Tail, 1993.
Givens, Terryl L. The Viper on the Hearth: Mormons, Myths, and the Construction of Heresy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Glanz, Rudolf. “Jews and Chinese in America.” Jewish Social Studies 16 (July 1954): 219–34.
Gleek, Lewis E., Jr. American Institutions in the Philippines, 1898–1941. Quezon City, Philippines: R. P. Garcia, 1976.
———. Americans on the Philippine Frontiers. Manila: Carmelo & Bauermann, 1974.
Go, Julian. American Empire and the Politics of Meaning: Elite Political Cultures in the Philippines and Puerto Rico during U.S. Colonialism. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2008.
———. Patterns of Empire: The British and American Empires, 1688 to the Present. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Go, Julian, and Anne L. Foster, eds. The American Colonial State in the Philippines. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2003.
Göçek, Fatma Müge. Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
———, ed. Social Constructions of Nationalism in the Middle East. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002.
Goldschmidt, Henry, and Elizabeth McAlister. Race, Nation and Religion in the Americas. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Goldstein, Eric. The Price of Whiteness: Jews, Race and American Identity. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2006.
Gomez, Michael A. “Muslims in Early America.” Journal of Southern History 60 (1994): 671–710.
Gordon, Leland James. American Relations with Turkey, 1830–1930: An Economic Interpretation. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1932.
Gould, Lewis L. “McKinley, Ida Saxton.” American National Biography Online. http://www.anb.org/articles/20/20-01377.html. Accessed 13 March 2012.
Gould, Philip. Barbaric Traffic: Commerce and Antislavery in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003.
Gould, Stephen Jay. The Mismeasure of Man. New York: W. W. Norton, 1981.
Gourgouris, Stathis. Dream Nation: Enlightenment, Colonization, and the Institution of Modern Greece. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1996.
Gowing, Peter. Mandate in Moroland: The American Government of Muslim Filipinos, 1899–1920. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Center for Advanced Studies, 1977.
———. Mosque and Moro: A Study of Muslims in the Philippines. Manila: Philippine Federation of Christian Churches, 1964.
———. Muslim Filipinos: Heritage and Horizon. Quezon City, Philippines: New Day Publishers, 1979.
Grabill, Joseph L. Protestant Diplomacy and the Near East: Missionary Influence on American Policy, 1810–1927. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1971.
Graebner, Norman A., ed. Ideas and Diplomacy: Readings in the Intellectual Tradition of American Foreign Policy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964.
Grandits, Hannes, Nathalie Clayer, and Robert Pichier, eds. Conflicting Loyalties in the Balkans: The Great Powers, the Ottoman Empire and Nation-Building. New York: I. B. Tauris, 2011.
Green, Abigail. “The British Empire and the Jews: An Imperialism of Human Rights?” Past and Present 199 (May 2008): 75–105.
(p.411) ———. “Intervening in the Jewish Question, 1840–1878.” In Humanitarian Intervention: A History, edited by Brendan Simms and D. J. B. Trim, 139–58. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
———. Moses Montefiore: Jewish Liberator, Imperial Hero. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2010.
Greenberg, Amy S. Manifest Manhood and the Antebellum American Empire. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Greene, Jack P. The Intellectual Construction of America: Exceptionalism and Identity from 1492–1800. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.
Gregory, Derek. The Colonial Present: Afghanistan, Palestine, and Iraq. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2004.
Grinstein, Hyman B. The Rise of the Jewish Community of New York. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1942.
Gualtieri, Sarah M. Between Arab and White: Race and Ethnicity in the Early Syrian American Diaspora. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.
Gunter, Michael M. Armenian History and the Question of Genocide. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
Hagedorn, Hermann. Leonard Wood: A Biography. Vol. 2. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1931.
Hall, Luella J. The United States and Morocco, 1776–1956. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1971.
Hall, William Webster. Puritans in the Balkans: The American Board Mission in Bulgaria, 1878–1918: A Study in Purpose and Procedure. Sofia: Cultura Printing House, 1938.
Haller, John S., Jr. Outcasts from Evolution: Scientific Attitudes of Racial Inferiority, 1859–1900. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1971.
Hamilton, Michael P. ed. American Character and Foreign Policy. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W. B. Eerdmans, 1986.
Handy, Robert T., ed. The Social Gospel in America, 1870–1920. New York: Oxford University Press, 1966.
Haniğolu, Şükrü. The Young Turks in Opposition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Harbaugh, William H. Power and Responsibility: The Life and Times of Theodore Roosevelt. New York: Farrar, Straus & Cudahy, 1961.
Harris, David. Britain and the Bulgarian Horrors of 1876. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1939.
Harris, Susan K. God’s Arbiters: Americans and the Philippines, 1898–1902. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Hart, Mitchell Bryan. Social Science and the Politics of Modern Jewish Identity. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2000.
Harvey, Bruce A. American Geographies: U.S. National Narratives and the Representation of the Non-European World, 1830–1865. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2001.
Hassan, Waïl S. Immigrant Narratives: Orientalism and Cultural Translation in Arab American and Arab British Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Hatch, Nathan O. The Democratization of American Christianity. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1989.
Hatzidimitriou, Constantine G. Founded on Freedom and Virtue: Documents Illustrating the Impact in the United States of the Greek War of Independence, 1821–1829. New York: Aristide C. Caratzas, 2002.
Hawkins, Michael. Making Moros: Imperial Historicism and American Military Rule in the Philippines’ Muslim South. De Kalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2013.
Hayase, Shinzo. Mindanao Ethnohistory beyond Nations: Maguindanao, Sangir, and Bagobo Societies in East Maritime Southeast Asia. Quezon City, Philippines: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2007.
Healy, George, trans. “Introduction.” In Persian Letters, by Charles de Secondat Montesquieu. Indianapolis: Hacket, 1999.
Heggoy, Alf Andrew, Aurie H. Miller, James J. Cooke, and Paul J. Zingg, eds. Through Foreign Eyes: Western Attitudes toward North Africa. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, 1982.
Helmreich, Paul C. From Paris to Sèvres: The Partition of the Ottoman Empire at the Peace Conference of 1919–1920. Columbia: Ohio State University Press, 1974.
Henderson, Eroll, and Richard Tucker. “Clear and Present Strangers: The Clash of Civilizations and International Conflict.” International Studies Quarterly 45 (June 2001): 317–38.
Hendrickson, David C. Union, Nation, or Empire: The American Debate over International Relations, 1789–1941. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2009.
Hendrickson, Kenneth E., Jr. “Reluctant Expansionist: Jacob Gould Schurman and the Philippine Question.” Pacific Historical Review 36 (1967): 405–21.
Hentsch, Thierry. Imagining the Middle East. Translated by Fred A. Reed. New York: Black Rose Books, 1992.
Herlihy, Patricia. “Eugene Schuyler and the Bulgarian Constitution.” In Russia, Europe, and the Rule of Law, edited by F. J. Ferdinand et al., 165–84. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2007.
Hersch, Seymour. “The Gray Zone: Annals of National Security.” New Yorker, 24 May 2004, 38–44.
Herzfeld, Michael. Ours Once More: Folklore, Ideology and the Making of Modern Greece. New York: Pella, 1986.
Herzstein, Robert Edwin. Henry R. Luce, Time, and the American Crusade in Asia. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Hietala, Thomas R. Manifest Design: American Exceptionalism and Empire. Rev. ed. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2003.
Hilderbrand, Robert C. Power and the People: Executive Management of Public Opinion in Foreign Affairs, 1897–1921. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981.
Hirschberg, H. Z. (J. W.). A History of the Jews in North Africa. Vol. 2. Leiden, The Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1981.
Hirschman, Elizabeth Caldwell, and Donald Yates. Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America: A Genealogical History. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2012.
Hixson, Walter L. American Settler Colonialism: A History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
———. The Myth of American Diplomacy: National Identity and U.S. Foreign Policy. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2008.
Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Revolution, 1789–1848. New York: Vintage Books, 1996.
Hochschild, Adam. King Leopold’s Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1999.
Hodgson, Marshall. The Venture of Islam: Conscience and History in World Civilization. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.
Hollander, Edith Portier. “Januarius MacGahan and the British Reaction to the Bulgarian Massacres of 1876: A Study of Influence.” M.A. thesis, University of Florida, 1989.
Hollingsworth Miller, Aurie. “One Man’s View: William Shaler and Algiers.” In Through Foreign Eyes: Western Attitudes toward North Africa, edited by Alf Heggoy Andrew, Aurie H. Miller, James J. Cooke, and Paul J. Zingg, 7–56. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, 1982.
Holme, John G. The Life of Leonard Wood. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page, 1920.
Holmes, David L. The Faiths of the Founding Fathers. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Holmes, James R. Theodore Roosevelt and World Order: Police Power in International Relations. Washington, D.C.: Potomac, 2006.
Holquist, Peter. “To Count, to Extract, and to Exterminate: Population Statistics and Population Politics in Late Imperial and Soviet Russia.” In A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-Making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin, edited by Martin Terry and Ronald Grigor Suny, 111–44. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Hoogland, Eric, ed. Crossing the Waters: Arabic-Speaking Immigrants to the United States before 1940. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1987.
Horsman, Reginald. Race and Manifest Destiny: The Origins of American Racial Anglo-Saxonism. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1981.
Hovanissian, Richard, ed. The Armenian Genocide: Cultural and Ethical Legacies. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 2007.
———. The Armenian Genocide in Perspective. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1986.
———. The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times. Vol. 2. New York: St. Martin’s, 1997.
———. Remembrance and Denial: The Case of the Armenian Genocide. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1998.
Hudson, Winthrop S. Nationalism and Religion in America: Concepts of American Identity and Mission. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.
Hunt, Michael. The American Ascendancy: How the United States Gained and Wielded Global Dominance. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.
———. Ideology and U.S. Foreign Policy. 2nd ed. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2009.
Huntington, Samuel. “The Clash of Civilizations.” Foreign Affairs 72 (Summer 1993): 22–49.
———. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006.
Hurley, Victor. Malay Pirates: The Story of the Moros. Bangkok: Orchid Press, 2009.
———. Men in Sun Helmets. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1936.
———. Swish of the Kris: The Story of the Moros. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1936.
Hutchison, William. Errand to the World: American Protestant Thought and Foreign Missions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.
Hutchison, William, and Hartmut Lehmann, eds. Many Are Chosen: Divine Election and Western Nationalism. Harvard Theological Studies no. 38. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1994.
Hyman, Paula. The Jews of Modern France. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Ignatief, Michael. The Russian Album. New York: Viking, 1987.
Immerman, Richard H. Empire for Liberty: A History of American Imperialism from Benjamin Franklin to Paul Wolfowitz. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2010.
Iriye, Akira. Cultural Internationalism and World Order. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.
———. Global Community: The Role of International Organizations in the Making of the Contemporary World. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.
Isani, Mukhtar Ali. “Cotton Mather and the Orient.” New England Quarterly 43 (March 1970): 46–58.
Iwamura, Jane Naomi. Virtual Orientalism: Asian Religions and American Popular Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Jackson, Carl T. The Oriental Religions and American Thought: Nineteenth-Century Explorations. Contributions in American Studies 55. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1981.
Jacobs, Matthew F. Imagining the Middle East: The Building of an American Foreign Policy, 1918–1967. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.
Jacobson, Matthew Frye. Barbarian Virtues: The United States Encounters Foreign Peoples at Home and Abroad. New York: Hill & Wang, 2001.
———. Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999.
———. A Scapegoat in the New Wilderness: The Origins and Rise of Anti-Semitism in America. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1994.
Janis, Mark W., and Carolyn Evans, eds. Religion and International Law. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2004.
Jeffrey, Keith. The British Army and the Crisis of Empire, 1918–22. Manchester, U.K.: Manchester University Press, 1984.
Jelavich, Barbara. History of the Balkans: Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Vol. 1. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Jenkins, Philip. The Great and Holy War: How World War I Became a Religious Crusade. New York: HarperCollins, 2014.
Jenkins, Roy. Gladstone. London: Macmillan, 1995.
Jensen, Ronald. “Eugene Schuyler and the Balkan Crisis.” Diplomatic History 5 (June 2007): 23–37.
Jessup, Philip C. Elihu Root. 2 vols. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1938.
Jonassohn, Kurt, with Karin Solveig Björnson. Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations in Comparative Perspective. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1998.
Jones, Arun W. Christian Missions in the American Empire: Episcopalians in Northern Luzon, the Philippines, 1902–1946. New York: P. Lang, 2003.
Jones, Marian Moser. The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.
Jordan, Philip D. The Evangelical Alliance for the United States of America, 1847–1900: Ecumenism, Identity and the Religion of the Republic. Studies in American Religion 7. New York: Edwin Mellen, 1982.
Jordan, William G. Black Newspapers and America’s War for Democracy, 1914–1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.
Kafadar, Cemal. Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
Kaiser, Hilmar. Imperialism, Racism, and Development Theories: The Construction of a Dominant Paradigm on Ottoman Armenians. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Gomidas Institute, 1997.
Kalmar, Ivan Davidson, and Derek J. Penslar, “Orientalism and the Jews: An Introduction.” In Orientalism and the Jews, edited by Ivan Davidson Kalmar and Derek J. Penslar, xiii–xl. Waltham, Mass.: Brandeis University Press, 2002.
Kaplan, Amy. “‘Left Alone with America’: The Absence of Empire in the Study of American Culture.” In Cultures of United States Imperialism, edited by Amy Kaplan and Donald Pease, 3–21. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1993.
Kark, Ruth. American Consuls in the Holy Land, 1832–1914. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1994.
Karpat, Kemal. Studies in Ottoman Social and Political History: Selected Articles and Essays. Boston: Brill, 2002.
Kayaoglu, Turan. Legal Imperialism: Sovereignty and Extraterritoriality in Japan, the Ottoman Empire, and China. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Kedourie, Elie. England and the Middle East: The Destruction of the Ottoman Empire, 1914–1921. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1987.
———, ed. Nationalism in Asia and Africa. New York: World Publishing, 1970.
Keiser, Hans-Lukas. Nearest East: American Millennialism and Mission to the Middle East. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2010.
Kenbib, Mohamed. Juifs et Musulmans au Maroc, 1859–1948. Rabat, Morocco: Publications de Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines, 1994.
———. Les Protégés: Contribution à l’histoire Contemporaine du Maroc. Rabat, Morocco: Publications de la Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines, 1996.
———. “Structures traditionnelles et protection etrangère au Maroc au XIXe siècle.” Hésperis-Tamuda 22 (1984): 79–101.
Kennedy, Roger G. Greek Revival America. New York: Stuart, Tabori, & Chang, 1989.
Kerner, Howard Joseph. “Turko-American Diplomatic Relations, 1860–1880.” Ph.D. diss., Georgetown University, 1949.
Kevorkian, Raymond. The Armenian Genocide: A Complete History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.
Khala, Samir. Civil and Uncivil Violence in Lebanon: A History of the Internationalization of Communal Conflict. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.
———. Cultural Resistance: Global and Local Encounters in the Middle East. London: Saqi Books, 2001.
———. Protestant Missionaries in the Levant: Ungodly Puritans, 1820–1860. New York: Routledge, 2012.
Kidd, Thomas. American Christians and Islam: Evangelical Culture and Muslims from the Colonial Age to the Present. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2009.
———. “Is It Worse to Follow Mahomet Than the Devil? Early American Uses of Islam.” Church History 72 (December 2003): 766–90.
Kiefer, Thomas M. The Tausug: Violence and Law in a Philippine Moslem Society. Prospect Heights, Ill.: Waverland Press, 1986.
Kirakossian, Arman J. The Armenian Massacres, 1894–1896: U.S. Media Testimony. Detroit: Wayne State University, 2004.
———. British Diplomacy and the Armenian Question: From the 1830s to 1914. Princeton, N.J.: Gomidas Institute, 2003.
Klein, Christina. Cold War Orientalism: Asia in the Middlebrow Imagination, 1945–1961. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.
Klein, Janet. The Margins of Empire: Kurdish Militias in the Ottoman Tribal Zone. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2011.
Kloian, Richard Diran, ed. The Armenian Genocide: News Accounts from the American Press, 1915–1922. Richmond, Calif.: Heritage, 2007.
(p.417) Koolakian, Robert George. Struggle for Justice: The Story of the American Committee for the Independence of Armenia, 1915–1920. Dearborn: Armenian Research Center, University of Michigan-Dearborn, 2008.
Kostandarithes, Danton Prescott. “The Diplomatic Career of Henry White, 1883–1919.” Ph.D. diss., Tulane University, 1992.
Kramer, Lloyd S. Lafayette in Two Worlds: Public Cultures and Personal Identities in an Age of Revolutions. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
Kramer, Paul A. The Blood of Government: Race, Empire, the United States and the Philippines. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
———. “Empires, Exceptions, and Anglo-Saxons: Race and Rule between the British and United States Empires, 1880–1910.” Journal of American History 88 (March 2002): 1315–53.
———. “Power and Connection: Imperial History of the United States and the World.” American Historical Review (December 2011): 1348–91.
———. “The Pragmatic Empire: U.S. Anthropology and Colonial Politics in the Occupied Philippines, 1898–1916.” Ph.D. diss., Princeton University, 1998.
Krenn, Michael L. The Color of Empire: Race and American Foreign Relations. Washington, D.C.: Potomac Books, 2006.
Kundnani, Arun. The Muslims are Coming!: Islamophobia, Extremism, and the Domestic War on Terror. Brooklyn: Verso Books, 2014.
Kyle, Richard G. Evangelicalism: An Americanized Christianity. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 2006.
Lacely, Jim. Pershing. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.
Lake, Marilyn, and Henry Reynolds. Drawing the Global Colour Line: White Men’s Countries and the International Challenge of Racial Equality. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Lambert, Frank. The Barbary Wars: American Independence in the Atlantic World. New York: Hill & Wang, 2005.
———. The Founding Fathers and the Place of Religion in America. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2003.
Landenberger, Margaret. “United States Diplomatic Efforts on Behalf of Moroccan Jews, 1880–1906.” Ph.D. diss., St. John’s University, 1981.
Lane, Jack C. Armed Progressive: General Leonard Wood. San Rafael, Calif.: Presidio Press, 1978.
Larrabee, Stephen A. Hellas Observed: The American Experience of Greece, 1775–1865. New York: New York University Press, 1957.
Larsen, Peter. “Theodore Roosevelt and the Moroccan Crisis, 1904–1906.” Ph.D. diss., Princeton University, 1984.
Laskier, Michael M. The Alliance Israélite Universelle and the Jewish Communities of Morocco, 1862–1962. Publications of the Diaspora Research Institute 45. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1983.
———. North African Jewry in the Twentieth Century: The Jews of Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria. New York: New York University Press, 1994.
Laycock, Jo. Imagining Armenia: Orientalism, Ambiguity and Intervention. Manchester, U.K.: Manchester University Press, 2009.
Leong, Karen J. The China Mystique: Pearl S. Buck, Anna May Wong, Mayling Soong, and the Transformation of American Orientalism. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.
Leoussi, Athena. “Nationalism and Racial Hellenism in Nineteenth Century England and France.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 20 (January 1997): 42–68.
Lewis, James E. The American Union and the Problem of Neighborhood: The United States and the Collapse of the Spanish Empire, 1783–1829. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
———. John Quincy Adams: Policymaker for the Union. Wilmington, Del.: SR Books, 2001.
Lewis, Martin W., and Kären E. Wigen, eds. The Myth of Continents: A Critique of Metageography. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.
Lewis, Mary D. Divided Rule: Sovereignty and Empire in French Tunisia, 1881–1938. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013.
Lewy, Guenter. The Armenian Massacres in Ottoman Turkey: A Disputed Genocide. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2005.
Lieberman, Benjamin. Terrible Fate: Ethnic Cleansing in the Making of Modern Europe. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2006.
Liebler, William F. “The United States and the Crimean War, 1853–1856.” Ph.D. diss., University of Massachusetts, 1972.
Link, Arthur S. Wilson: The Struggle for Neutrality. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1960.
Linn, Brian McAllister. Guardians of Empire: The U.S. Army and the Pacific, 1902–1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.
Lipsky, George A. John Quincy Adams: His Theory and Ideas. New York: Crowell, 1950.
Little, Douglas. American Orientalism: The United States and the Middle East since 1945. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
Littman, David. “Mission to Morocco, 1863–1864.” In The Century of Moses Montefiore, edited by Sondia and V. D. Lipman, 171–229. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Lockman, Zachary. Contending Visions of the Middle East: The History and Politics of Orientalism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Logan, Rayford W. The Senate and the Versailles Mandate System. Washington, D.C.: Minorities Publishers, 1945.
Lorcin, Patricia. Imperial Identities: Stereotyping, Prejudice and Race in Colonial Algeria. New York: I. B. Tauris, 1995.
Love, Eric T. Race over Empire: Racism and U.S. Imperialism 1865-1900. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
Lowe, Lisa. Critical Terrains: French and British Orientalisms. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1991.
Lowry, Heath W. The Story behind Ambassador Morgenthau’s Story. Istanbul: Isis, 1990.
Macartney, C. A. National States and National Minorities. London: Oxford University Press, 1934.
MacDonald, Robert. “A Land without a People for a People without a Land”: Civilizing Mission and American Support for Zionism, 1880s–1929.” Ph.D. diss., Bowling Green State University, 2012.
Macfie, A. L. The Eastern Question, 1774–1923. New York: Longman, 1996.
———. Orientalism. New York: Longman, 2002.
MacKenzie, Kenneth M. The Robe and the Sword: The Methodist Church and the Rise of American Imperialism. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1961.
Majul, Cesar Adib. Muslims in the Philippines. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1973.
Makdisi, Ussama. Artillery of Heaven: American Missionaries and the Failed Conversion of the Middle East. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2008.
———. The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
———. Faith Misplaced: The Broken Promise of U.S.-Arab Relations, 1820–2001. New York: Public Affairs Press, 2010.
———. “Ottoman Orientalism.” American Historical Review 107 (June 2002): 768–96.
———. “Reclaiming the Land of the Bible: Missionaries, Secularism, and Evangelical Modernity.” American Historical Review 102 (June 1997): 683–84.
Malkasian, Mark. “The Disintegration of the Armenian Cause in the United States, 1918–1927.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 16 (August 1984): 349–65.
Mamdani, Mahmood. Good Muslim, Bad Muslim: America, the Cold War, and the Roots of Terror. New York: Pantheon, 2004.
Manela, Erez. “The United States in the World.” In American History Now, edited by Eric Foner and Lisa McGirr, 201–20. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2011.
———. The Wilsonian Moment: Self-Determination and the International Origins of Anticolonial Nationalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Mann, Michael. The Dark Side of Democracy: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Manuel, Frank E. The Realities of American-Palestine Relations. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1949.
Marcus, Jacob Rader. United States Jewry, 1776–1985. 2 vols. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1989.
Marglin, Jessica M. “In the Courts of the Nations: Jews, Muslims and Legal Pluralism in Nineteenth-Century Morocco.” Ph.D. diss., Princeton University, 2013.
Marr, Timothy. The Cultural Roots of American Islamicism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Marsh, Peter. “Lord Salisbury and the Ottoman Massacres.” Journal of British Studies 11 (May 1972): 63–83.
Marx, Anthony W. Faith in Nation: Exclusionary Origins of Nationalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Masters, Bruce A. Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of Sectarianism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Masuzawa, Tomoko. The Invention of World Religions, or, How European Universalism was Preserved in the Language of Pluralism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.
Matar, Nabil. Turks, Moors and Englishmen in the Age of Discovery. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.
Mathews, Basil. John R. Mott, World Citizen. London: Student Christian Movement Press, 1934.
Matthew, Henry C. G. Gladstone, 1875–1898. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Matthewson, Tim. A Proslavery Foreign Policy: Haitian-American Relations during the Early Republic. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2003.
May, Arthur J. “Crete and the United States, 1866–1869.” Journal of Modern History 16 (December 1944): 286–93.
May, Ernest. American Imperialism: A Speculative Essay. New York: Atheneum, 1968.
———. Imperial Democracy: The Emergence of America as a Great Power. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961.
———. The Making of the Monroe Doctrine. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1975.
May, Glenn A. Social Engineering in the Philippines: The Aims, Execution, and Impact of American Colonial Policy, 1900–1913. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1980.
Mayers, David. Dissenting Voices in America’s Rise to Power. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Mayo, Louise A. The Ambivalent Image: Nineteenth-Century America’s Perception of the Jew. Cranbury, N.J.: Associated University Presses, 1988.
Mazower, Mark. The Balkans: A Short History. New York: Modern Library, 2002.
———. No Enchanted Palace: The End of Empire and the Ideological Origins of the United Nations. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2009.
McAlister, Melani. Epic Encounters: Culture, Media, and U.S. Interests in the Middle East since 1945. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
McCallum, Jack. Leonard Wood: Rough Rider, Surgeon, Architect of American Empire. New York: New York University Press, 2005.
McCarthy, Justin. Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims, 1821–1922. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
———. Muslims and Minorities: The Population of Ottoman Anatolia and the End of the Empire. New York: New York University Press, 1983.
———. The Turk in America: The Creation of an Enduring Prejudice. Salt Lake City: Utah University Press, 2010.
McCoy, Alfred W. Policing America’s Empire: The United States, the Philippines, and the Rise of the Surveillance State. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2009.
McDougall, Walter A. Promised Land, Crusader State: The American Encounter with the World since 1776. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1997.
McKenna, Thomas W. Muslim Rulers and Rebels: Everyday Politics and Armed Separatism in the Southern Philippines. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
McLaughlin, Andrea Nicola. “Black Women, Identity, and the Quest for Humanhood and Wholeness: Wild Women in the Whirlwind.” In Wild Women in the Whirlwind: Afra-American Culture and the Contemporary Literary Renaissance, edited by Joanne M. Braxton and Andrea Nicola McLaughlin, 147–80. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1990.
McMeekin, Sean. The Berlin-Baghdad Express: The Ottoman Empire and Germany’s Bid for World Power. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2010.
Meininger, Thomas A. Ignatiev and the Establishment of the Bulgarian Exarchate, 1864–1872: A Study in Personal Diplomacy. Madison: State Historical Society for the Department of History, University of Wisconsin, 1970.
Melson, Robert. “A Theoretical Inquiry into the Armenian Massacres of 1894–1896.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 24 (July 1982): 481–509.
Merkley, Paul C. The Politics of Christian Zionism, 1891–1948. London: Routledge, 1998.
Mesrobian, Arpena S. Like One Family: The Armenians of Syracuse. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Gomidas Institute, 2000.
Michael, Robert. A Concise History of American Antisemitism. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.
Michie, Helena, and Ronald R. Thomas, eds. Nineteenth-Century Geographies: The Transformation of Space from the Victorian Age to the American Century. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2003.
Milius, John, dir. The Wind and the Lion. Beverley Hills, Calif.: Herb Jaffe Productions, 1975.
Miller, Stuart Creighton. “Benevolent Assimilation”: The American Conquest of the Philippines, 1899–1903. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1982.
Miller, Susan. A History of Modern Morocco. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Millman, Richard. “The Bulgarian Massacres Reconsidered.” Slavonic and East European Review 58 (April 1980): 218–31.
Mintz, Steven, and John Stauffer, eds. The Problem of Evil: Slavery, Freedom, and the Ambiguities of American Reform. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2007.
Mirak, Robert. Torn between Two Lands: Armenians in America, 1890 to World War I. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983.
Mojzes, Paul. Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansings in the Twentieth Century. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2011.
Monaco, C. S. Rise of Modern Jewish Politics: Extraordinary Movement. New York: Routledge, 2013.
Monge, José Trías. “Injustice According to Law: The Insular Cases and Other Oddities.” In Foreign in a Domestic Sense: Puerto Rico, American Expansion and the Constitution, edited by Christina Duffy Burnett and Burke Marshall, 226–40. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2001.
Moranian, Suzanne. “The American Missionaries and the Armenian Question, 1915–1927.” Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1994.
———. “The Armenian Genocide and American Missionary Relief Efforts.” In America and the Armenian Genocide of 1915, edited by Jay Winter, 185–213. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Morris, Benny. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947–1949. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.
Morris, Edmund. The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt. New York: Modern Library, 2001.
Morris, Ian, ed. Classical Greece: Ancient Histories and Modern Archaeologies. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Morrison, Alexander. “Metropole, Colony, and Imperial Citizenship in the Russian Empire.” Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 13 (Spring 2012): 327–64.
Moses, A. Dirk, ed. Empire, Colony, Genocide: Conquest, Occupation, and Subaltern Resistance in World History. New York: Berghahn, 2008.
Mostashari, Firouzeh. On the Religious Frontier: Tsarist Russia and Islam in the Caucasus. International Library of Historical Studies 32. New York: I. B. Tauris, 2006.
Motadel, David, ed. Islam and the European Empires. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.
Mowry, George. The Era of Theodore Roosevelt, 1900–1912. New York: Harper, 1958.
Murphy, Gretchen. Hemispheric Imaginings: The Monroe Doctrine and Narratives of U.S. Empire. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2005.
Murre-van den Berg, Heleen, ed. New Faith in Ancient Lands: Western Missions in the Middle East in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries. Boston: Brill, 2006.
Musa, Bala A. Framing Genocide: Media, Diplomacy, and Conflict Transformation. Bethesda, Md.: Academica Press, 2007.
Naimark, Norman M. Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2001.
Nalbandian, Louise. The Armenian Revolutionary Movement of the Nineteenth Century: The Origins and Development of Armenian Political Parties. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963.
Nassibian, Akaby. Britain and the Armenian Questions, 1915–1923. New York: St. Martin’s, 1984.
Nelson, Derek. “Sins of Commission, Sins of Omission: Girard, Ricoeur, and the Armenian Genocide.” In The Evolution of Evil, edited by Gaymond Bennet, Martinez J. Hewlitt, Ted Peters, and Robert John Russell, 318–33. Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2008.
Nelson, Eric. The Greek Tradition in Republican Thought. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Nestorova-Matejic, Tatyana K. American Missionaries among the Bulgarians, 1858–1912. Boulder, Colo.: East European Monographs, 1987.
Neuberger, Mary. The Orient Within: Muslim Minorities and the Negotiation of Nationhood in Modern Bulgaria. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2004.
———. “The Russo-Turkish War and the ‘Eastern Jewish Question’: Encounters between Victims and Victors in Ottoman Bulgaria, 1877–8.” East European Jewish Affairs 26, no. 2 (1996): 53–66.
Neuman, Iver B. Uses of the Other: “The East” in European Identity Formation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1999.
Nevins, Allan. Henry White: Thirty Years of American Diplomacy. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1930.
Ninkovich, Frank A. Global Dawn: The Cultural Foundation of American Internationalism, 1865–1890. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Noll, Mark, David W. Bebbington, and George A. Rawlyk, eds. Evangelicalism: Comparative Studies of Popular Protestantism in North America, the British Isles, and Beyond, 1700–1990. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Norris, Jacob. Land of Progress: Palestine in the Age of Colonial Development, 1905–1948. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Nugent, Walter. Habits of Empire: A History of American Expansion. New York: Vintage Books, 2009.
Nye, Russel B. This Almost Chosen People: Essays in the History of American Ideas. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1966.
Obenzinger, Hilton. American Palestine: Melville, Twain, and the Holy Land Mania. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1999.
Offner, John L. An Unwanted War: The Diplomacy of the United States and Spain over Cuba, 1895–1898. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.
Oren, Michael. Power, Faith and Fantasy: America in the Middle East, 1776 to the Pre sent. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007.
Orosa, Sixto Y. The Sulu Archipelago and Its People. Yonkers-on-Hudson, N.Y.: World Book, 1923.
Pappas, Paul C. “Lafayette’s Efforts to Send American Aid to Revolutionary Greece.” Journal of Modern Greek Studies 2 (May 1984): 105–16.
———. The United States and the Greek War for Independence, 1821–1828. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978.
Pappé, Ilan. The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine. Oxford: Oneworld, 2006.
Parezo, Nancy J., and Don D. Fowler. Anthropology Goes to the Fair: The 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2007.
(p.424) Parfitt, Tudor. “Dhimma versus Protection in Nineteenth Century Morocco.” In Israel and Ishmael: Studies in Muslim-Jewish Relations, edited by Tudor Parfitt, 142–66. New York: St. Martin’s, 2000.
Parsons, Lynn Hudson. John Quincy Adams. Madison, Wis.: Madison House, 1998.
———. John Quincy Adams: A Bibliography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1993.
Patai, Raphael. The Arab Mind. New York: Hatherleigh Press, 2002.
Payaslian, Simon. United States Policy toward the Armenian Question and the Armenian Genocide. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
Peckham, Robert Shannan. National Histories, Natural States: Nationalism and Politics of Place in Greece. New York: I. B. Tauris, 2001.
Peek, Lori. Behind the Backlash: Muslim Americans after 9/11. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2011.
Pencak, William. “Anti-Semitism, Toleration, and Appreciation: The Changing Relations of Jews and Gentiles in Earl America.” In The First Prejudice: Religious Tolerance and Intolerance in Early America, edited by Chris Beneke and Christopher Grenda, 241–63. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.
Pennell, C. R. Morocco since 1830: A History. New York: New York University Press, 2000.
Penrose, Stephen B. L. That They May Have Life: The Story of the American University of Beirut, 1866–1941. New York: Trustees of the American University of Beirut, 1941.
Pérez, Louis A. Cuba in the American Imagination: Metaphor and the Imperial Ethos. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
Perkins, Bradford. The Creation of a Republic Empire. Vol. 1 of The Cambridge History of American Foreign Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Perkins, Dexter. Hands Off: A History of the Monroe Doctrine. Boston: Little Brown, 1941.
———. A History of the Monroe Doctrine. Boston: Little Brown, 1963.
Peskin, Lawrence A. Captives and Countrymen: Barbary Slavery and the American Public, 1785–1816. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.
Peterson, Merill D. “Starving Armenians”: America and the Armenian Genocide, 1915–1930 and After. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2004.
Philips, Clifton Jackson. Protestant America and the Pagan World: The First Half Century of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, 1810–1860. Harvard East Asian Monographs 32. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969.
Philliou, Christine May. Biography of an Empire: Governing Ottomans in an Age of Revolution. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011.
Pier, Arthur S. American Apostles to the Philippines. Boston: Beacon, 1950.
Pietz, William. “The ‘Post-colonialism’ of Cold War Discourse.” Social Text 19–20 (Autumn 1988): 55–75.
Pitts, Jennifer. “Empire and Legal Universalisms in the Eighteenth Century.” American Historical Review 117 (February 2012): 287–313.
Pope, Nicole, and Hugh Pope. Turkey Unveiled: A History of Modern Turkey, Revised and Updated. New York: Overlook Press, 2011.
Potter, Pitman. “Origin of the System of Mandates under the League of Nations.” American Political Science Review 16 (November 1922): 563–83.
Pratt, Julius. Expansionists of 1898: The Acquisition of Hawaii and the Spanish Islands. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1934.
Preston, Andrew. “Bridging the Gap between the Sacred and the Secular in History of American Foreign Relations.” Diplomatic History 30 (November 2006): 783–812.
———. Sword of the Spirit, Shield of Faith: Religion in American War and Diplomacy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2012.
Prior, David. “Crete the Opening Wedge: Nationalism and International Affairs in Postbellum America.” Journal of Social History 42 (Summer 2009): 861–87.
Prongas, Harry. “United States Recognition of Greek Independence.” M.A. thesis, Washington, D.C., The American University, 1961.
Pryor, Elizabeth Brown. Clara Barton: Professional Angel. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1987.
Pundeff, Marin V. Bulgaria in American Perspective: Political and Cultural Issues. Boulder, Colo.: East European Monographs, 1994.
Putney, Clifford, and Paul T. Burlin, eds. Role of the American Board in the World: Bicentennial Reflections on the Organization’s Missionary Work, 1810–2010. Eugene: Ore.: Wipf & Stock, 2012.
Qureshi, Emran, and Michael A. Sells, eds. The New Crusades: Constructing the Muslim Enemy. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.
Rae, Heather. State Identities and the Homogenisation of Peoples. Cambridge Studies in International Relations 84. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Rafael, Vicente L. White Love and Other Events in Filipino History. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2000.
Raizis, M. Byron, ed. Greek Revolution and the American Muse: A Collection of Philhellenic Poetry, 1821–1828. Thessaloniki, Greece: Institute for Balkan Studies, 1972.
Rambo, David Lloyd. “The Christian and Missionary Alliance in the Philippines, 1901–1970.” Ph.D. diss., New York University, 1975.
Rana, Aziz. The Two Faces of American Freedom. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2010.
Read, David. Temperate Conquests: Spenser and the Spanish New World. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2000.
Reed, James Eldin. “American Foreign Policy, the Politics of Missions and Josiah Strong, 1890–1900.” Church History: Studies in Christianity and Culture 41 (June 1972): 230–45.
Reeves-Ellington, Barbara, Kathryn Kish Sklar, and Connie A. Shemio, eds. Competing Kingdoms: Women, Mission, Nation, and the American Protestant Empire, 1812–1960. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2010.
Reinhold, Meyer. Classica Americana: The Greek and Roman Heritage in the United States. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1984.
Reisser, Wesley J. The Black Book: Woodrow Wilson’s Secret Plan for Peace. Lanham, Md.: Lexington, 2012.
Renda, Mary. Taking Haiti: Military Occupation and the Culture of U.S. Imperialism, 1915–1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.
Repousis, Angelo. “‘The Cause of the Greeks’: Philadelphia and the Greek War for Independence, 1821–1828.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 123 (October 1999): 333–63.
———. Greek-American Relations from Monroe to Truman. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press. 2013.
Reuter, Frank T. Catholic Influence on American Colonial Policies, 1898–1904. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1967.
Reynolds, Michael A. Shattering Empires: The Clash and Collapse of the Ottoman and Russian Empires, 1908–1918. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Richard, Carl J. The Founders and the Classics: Greece, Rome and the American Enlightenment. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1995.
———. The Golden Age of the Classics in America: Greece, Rome, and the Antebellum United States. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Richard, Laura E., and Maud Howe Elliott. Julia Ward Howe, 1819–1910. Vol. 2. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1916.
Richmond, Walter. The Circassian Genocide. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2013.
Robinson, David M. America in Greece: A Traditional Policy. New York: Anatolia Press, 1948.
Rodil, B. R. The Minoritization of the Indigenous Communities of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago. Davao City, Philippines: Alternate Forum for Research in Mindanao, 1994.
Rodinson, Maxime. Europe and the Mystique of Islam. London: I. B. Tauris, 2002.
Rodkey, Frederick Stanley. “Lord Palmerston and the Rejuvenation of Turkey, Part II, 1839–1841.” Journal of Modern History 2 (June 1930): 193–225.
Rodogno, Davide. Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815–1914: The Emergence of a European Concept and International Practice. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2012.
Rodrigue, Aron. “Difference and Tolerance in the Ottoman Empire: Interview by Nancy Reynolds.” Stanford Electronic Humanities Review 5, no. 1 (1996).
———. French Jews, Turkish Jews: The Alliance Israélite Universelle and the Politics of Jewish Schooling in Turkey, 1860–1925. Bloomington: Indiana State University, 1990.
———. Jews and Muslims: Images of Sephardi and Eastern Jewries in Modern Times. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2003.
Roessel, David. In Byron’s Shadow: Modern Greece in the England and American Imagination. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Rogin, Michael. Blackface, White Noise: Jewish Immigrants in the Hollywood Melting Pot. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Rotberg, Robert I., and Thomas G. Weiss, eds. From Massacres to Genocide: The Media, Public Policy, and Humanitarian Crises. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1996.
Rotter, Andrew. “Saidism without Said: Orientalism and U.S. Diplomatic History.” American Historical Review 105 (October 2000): 1205–17.
Rouard de Card, Edgard. Les États-Unis d’Amérique et le Protectorat de la France au Maroc. Paris: A. Pedone, 1930.
Roudometof, Victor. Nationalism, Globalization, and Orthodoxy: The Social Origins of Ethnic Conflict in the Balkans. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 2001.
Rowe, Kenneth Wyer. Mathew Carey: A Study in American Economic Development. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1922.
Rubinstein, William D., and Hilary L. Rubinstein. Philosemitism: Admiration and Support in the English-Speaking World for Jews, 1840–1939. New York: St. Martin’s, 1999.
Ruether, Rosemary Radford. America, Amerikkka: Elect Nation and Imperial Violence. Oakville, Conn.: Equinox, 2007.
Rushdy, Ashraf H. A. American Lynching. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2012.
Russell, Greg. John Quincy Adams and the Public Virtues of Diplomacy. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1995.
Ryan, David. U.S. Foreign Policy in World History. New York: Routledge, 2000.
Saab, Ann. Reluctant Icon: Gladstone, Bulgaria and the Working Classes. Harvard Historical Studies 109. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1991.
Said, Edward. “A Clash of Ignorance.” Nation, 21 October 2001.
———. Covering Islam: How the Media and the Experts Determine How We See the Rest of the World. New York: Pantheon Books, 1981.
———. Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books, 1978.
St. Clair, William. That Greece Might Still Be Free: The Philhellenes in the War for Independence. Cambridge, U.K.: Open Book, 2008.
Sajjad, Memoona. “A ‘Non Western’ Reading of the ‘Clash of Civilizations’ Theory: Through the Eyes of ‘The Rest.’” International Journal of Political Science and Development 1 (October 2013): 42–104.
Salman, Michael. The Embarrassment of Slavery: Controversies over Bondage and Nationalism in the American Colonial Philippines. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
Salt, Jeremy. Imperialism, Evangelism and the Ottoman Armenians, 1878–1896. London: Frank Cass, 1993.
Sanger, George P., ed. The Statutes at Large, Treaties, and Proclamations of the United States of America from December 1867, to March 1869. Vol. 10. Boston: Little Brown, 1869.
Sarna, Jonathan D. Jacksonian Jew: The Two Worlds of Mordecai Noah. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1981.
Sarna, Jonathan D., and David G. Dalin. Religion and the State in the American Jewish Experience. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1997.
Satia, Priya. “The Defense of Inhumanity: Air Control and the British Idea of Arabia.” American Historical Review 111 (February 2006): 16–51.
Saul, Norman E. Concord and Conflict: The United States and Russia, 1867–1914. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1996.
Saxton, Alexander. The Rise and Fall of the White Republic: Class Politics and Mass Culture in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Verso, 1990.
Schreurs, Peter. Angry Days in Mindanao: The Philippine Revolution and the War against the U.S. in East and Northeast Mindanao, 1897–1908. Manila: National Commission for Culture and the Arts, National Historical Institute, 2000.
Schroeter, Daniel J. “Anglo-Jewry and Essaouira (Mogador), 1860–1900: The Social Implications of Philanthropy.” Jewish Historical Society of England 28 (1981–82): 60–88.
———. “From Sephardi to Oriental: The ‘Decline’ Theory of Jewish Civilization in Middle East and North Africa.” In The Jewish Contribution to Civilization: Reassessing an Idea, edited by Jeremy Cohen and Richard I. Cohen, 125–48. Portland, Ore.: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2008.
———. Merchants of Essaouira: Urban Society and Imperialism in Southwestern Morocco, 1844–1886. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
———. The Sultan’s Jew: Morocco and the Sephardi World. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2002.
———. “Trade as a Mediator in Muslim-Jewish Relations: Southwestern Morocco in the Nineteenth Century.” In Jews among Arabs: Contacts and Boundaries, edited by Marc Cohen and Abraham Udovitch, 113–40. Princeton, N.J.: Darwin Press, 1989.
Schueller, Malini Johar. U.S. Orientalisms: Race, Nation, and Gender in Literature, 1790–1890. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1998.
Schumacher, Frank. “The American Way of Empire: National Tradition and Transatlantic Adaptation in America’s Search for Imperial Identity, 1898–1910.” GHI Bulletin 31 (Fall 2002): 35–50.
Schurz, Carl. Life of Henry Clay. Vol. 1. New York: AMS Press, 1972.
Segel, Binjamin W. A Lie and a Libel: The History of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995.
Sekulow, Jay A. Witnessing Their Faith: Religious Influence on Supreme Court Justices and Their Opinions. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2006.
Sen, Amartya. Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny. New York: W. W. Norton, 2006.
Seton-Watson, Robert W. Disraeli, Gladstone and the Eastern Question: A Study in Diplomacy and Party Politics. London: F. Cass, 1971.
Setton, Kenneth Meyer. Western Hostility to Islam and Prophecies of Turkish Doom. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1992.
Sexton, Jay. The Monroe Doctrine: Empire and Nation in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Hill & Wang, 2011.
Sha’ban, Fuad. Islam and Arabs in Early American Thought: The Roots of Orientalism in America. Durham, N.C.: Acorn University Press, 1991.
Shaffer, Brenda, ed. The Limits of Culture: Islam and Foreign Policy. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2006.
Shannon, R. T. Gladstone and the Bulgarian Agitation, 1876. London: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1963.
Sharkey, Heather. American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2008.
Shasko, Philip. “From the Other Shore: The American Perspective of the Eastern Question and the Bulgarian Crisis of 1876.” Bulgarian Historical Review 4 (1990): 3–21.
Shaw, Angel Velasco, and Luis H. Francia, eds. Vestiges of War: The Philippine-American War and the Aftermath of an Imperial Dream, 1899–1999. New York: New York University Press, 2002.
Silbey, David J. A War of Frontier and Empire: The Philippine-American War, 1899–1902. New York: Hill & Wang, 2007.
Simms, Brendan, and D. J. B. Trim, eds. Humanitarian Intervention: A History. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Skinner, Elliott P. African Americans and U.S. Policy toward Africa, 1850–1924: In Defense of Black Nationality. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1992.
Sluglett, Peter. “An Improvement on Colonialism? The ‘A’ Mandates and Their Legacy in the Middle East.” International Affairs 90, no. 2 (2014): 413–27.
Smedley, Audrey. Race in North America: Origin and Evolution of a World View. Oxford: Westview Press, 1993.
Smith, Andrea. Colonial Memory and Postcolonial Europe: Maltese Settlers in Algeria and France. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006.
Smith, Anthony D. Chosen Peoples: Sacred Sources of National Identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
———. Theories of Nationalism. New York: Harper & Row, 1971.
Smith, Gary Scott. Faith and the Presidency: From George Washington to George W. Bush. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Smith, Neil. American Empire: Roosevelt’s Geographer and the Prelude to Globalization. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.
Smythe, Donald. Guerrilla Warrior: The Early Life of John J. Pershing. New York: Scribner, 1973.
Snyder, Timothy. Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin. New York: Basic Books, 2010.
Spickard, Paul. Almost All Aliens: Immigration, Race, and Colonialism in American History and Identity. New York: Routledge, 2007.
Stanley, Peter W. ed. Reappraising an Empire: New Perspectives on Philippine-American History. Cambridge, Mass.: Committee on American-East Asian Relations of the Department of History/Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1984.
Stanton, William. The Leopard’s Spots: Scientific Attitudes toward Race in America, 1815–59. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.
Steinberg, Stephen. The Academic Melting Pot: Catholics and Jews in American Higher Education. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974.
Stephanson, Anders. Manifest Destiny: American Expansion and the Empire of Right. New York: Hill & Wang, 1995.
Still, William N., Jr. American Sea Power in the Old World: The United States Navy in European and Near Eastern Waters, 1865–1917. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1980.
Stillman, Norman. “Myth, Countermyth and Distortion.” Tikkun 6 (May–June 1991): 55–64.
Stivers, William. “Woodrow Wilson and the Arab World: The Liberal Dilemma.” In The Prospects of Liberalism: Nine Essays, edited by Timothy Fuller, 106–23. Colorado Springs: Colorado College, 1984.
Stojanović, Mihailo D. The Great Powers and the Balkans, 1875–1878. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1939.
Stoler, Ann Laura. Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.
———. Haunted by Empire: Geographies of Intimacy in North American History. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2006.
Stoler, Ann Laura, and Frederick Cooper, eds. Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.
Strakhovsky, Leonid I. “General Count N. P. Ignatiev and the Pan-Slav Movement.” Journal of Central European Affairs 17 (October 1957): 223–36.
Strong, William Ellsworth. The Story of the American Board. New York: Arno Press, 1969.
Stuart, Graham H. The International City of Tangier. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1931.
Sturtevant, David Reeves. Popular Uprisings in the Philippines, 1840–1940. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1976.
Sullivan, Rodney J. Exemplar of Americanism: The Philippine Career of Dean C. Worcester. Ann Arbor: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1991.
Sumner, Benedict H. Russia and the Balkans, 1870–1880. Hamden, Conn.: Archon, 1962.
Suny, Ronald G. Looking toward Ararat: Armenia in Modern History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.
(p.431) ———. “Writing Genocide: The Fate of the Ottoman Armenians.” In A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire, edited by Ronald Grigor Suny, Fatma Muge Gōçek, and Naiman M. Naimark, 15–41. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Sutton, Robert K. Americans Interpret the Parthenon: The Progression of Greek Revival Architecture from the East Coast to Oregon, 1800–1860. Niwot: University Press of Colorado, 1992.
Suzuki, Nobutaka. “Upholding Filipino Nationhood: The Debate over Mindanao in the Philippine Legislature, 1907–1913.” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 44 (June 2013): 266–91.
Taïeb, Jacques. Être Juif au Maghreb à la Veille de la Colonisation. Paris: Éditions Albin Michel, 1994.
Talbot, Christine. “‘Turkey Is in Our Midst’: Orientalism and Contagion in Nineteenth Century Anti-Mormonism.” Journal of Law and Family Studies 8 (Summer 2006): 363–88.
Tamarkin, Elisa. Anglophilia: Deference, Devotion, and Antebellum America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
———. A History of the Philippines. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1987.
Tan, Samuel K. Sulu under American Military Rule. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1968.
Tanaka, Yuki, and Marily B. Young, eds. Bombing Civilians: A Twentieth Century History. New York: New Press, 2009.
Tanner, Jeremy. “Introduction to the New Edition Race and Representation in Ancient Art: Black Athena and After.” In From the Pharaohs to the Fall of the Roman Empire. Vol. 1 of The Image of the Black in Western Art, edited by David Bindman, Henry Louis Gates Jr., and Karen C. Dalton, 1–40. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2010.
Tarling, Nicolas. Imperialism and Southeast Asia: “A Fleeting, Passing Phase.” New York: Routledge, 2001.
Tarshish, Allan. “Board of Delegates of American Israelites (1859–1878).” Rabbinical thesis, Hebrew Union College, Jewish Institute of Religion, 1932.
Teed, Paul E. John Quincy Adams: Yankee Nationalist. New York: Nova Science, 2011.
Tehranian, John. Whitewashed: America’s Invisible Middle Eastern Minority. New York: New York University Press, 2009.
Tejirian, Eleanor H., and Reeva Spector Simon, eds. Altruism and Imperialism: Western Cultural and Religious Missions in the Middle East. New York: Middle East Institute, Columbia University, 2002.
———. Conflict, Conquest and Conversion: Two Thousand Years of Christian Missions in the Middle East. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012.
Theriault, Henry C. “Rethinking Dehumanization in Genocide.” In The Armenian Genocide: Cultural and Ethical Legacies, edited by Richard Hovannisian, 27–40. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 2007.
Thistlethwaite, Frank. The Anglo-American Connection in the Early Nineteenth Century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1959.
Thompson, Wayne Wray. “Governors of the Moro Province: Wood, Bliss, and Pershing in the Southern Philippines, 1903–1913.” Ph.D. diss., University of California, 1975.
Tirman, John. The Deaths of Others: The Fate of Civilians in America’s Wars. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Todorova, Maria. Imagining the Balkans. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Tompkins, E. Berkeley. Anti-Imperialism in the United States: The Great Debate, 1890–1920. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970.
Trent, James W., Jr. The Manliest Man: Samuel Howe and the Contours of Nineteenth-Century America Reform. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2012.
Turan, Ömer. The Turkish Minority in Bulgaria. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basimevi, 1998.
Tuveson, Ernest Lee. Redeemer Nation: The Idea of America’s Millennial Role. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.
Trask, Roger R. The United States Response to Turkish Nationalism and Reform, 1914–1939. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1971.
Tyrell, Ian. Reforming the World: The Creation of America’s Moral Empire. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2011.
———. Transnational Nation: United States History in Global Perspective since 1789. Basingstoke, U.K.: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Üngör, Uğur Ümit. “Turkey for the Turks: Demographic Engineering in Eastern Anatolia, 1914–1945.” In A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire, edited by Ronald Grigor Suny and Fatma Muge Gōçek, 287–305. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
van der Veer, Peter and Hartmut Lehmann, eds. Nation and Religion: Perspectives on Europe and Asia. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1999.
van Seteen, Gonda Aline Hector. Liberating Hellenism from the Ottoman Empire: Comte de Marcellus and the Last of the Classics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
Varg, Paul A. Edward Everett: The Intellectual in the Turmoil of Politics. Selinsgrove, Pa.: Susquehanna University Press, 1992.
Vergara, Benito M., Jr. Displaying Filipinos: Photography and Colonialism in Early 20th Century Philippines. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1995.
Vogel, Lester I. To See a Promised Land: Americans and the Holy Land in the Nineteenth Century. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993.
Voldoire, Aline. “The Transnational Politics of French and American Jews, 1860–1920.” Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 2007.
von Eschen, Penny M. Race against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937–1957. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1997.
Vratzian, Simon. Armenia and the Armenian Question. Boston: Hairenik, 1943.
Walker, Dale L. Januarius MacGahan: The Life and Campaigns of an American War Correspondent. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1988.
Ward, Alan J. “Immigrant Minority ‘Diplomacy’: American Jews and Russia, 1901–1912.” Bulletin of the British Association for American Studies 9 (December 1964): 8.
Warren, James Francis. The Sulu Zone, 1768–1898: The Dynamics of External Trade, Slavery and Ethnicity in the Transformation of a Southeast Asian Maritime State. Singapore: Singapore University Press, 1981.
Weeks, William Earl. John Quincy Adams and American Global Empire. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1992.
Weill, Georges. Emancipation et Progrès: L’Alliance Israélite Universelle et les Droits de l’homme. Paris: Éditions du Nadir, 2000.
Weiner, Myron, and Michael S. Teitelbaum. Political Demography, Demographic Engineering. New York: Berghahn, 2001.
Wesling, Meg. Empire’s Proxy: American Literature and U.S. Imperialism in the Philippines. New York: New York University Press, 2011.
Wheelan, Joseph. Jefferson’s War: America’s First War on Terror, 1801–1805. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2003.
Whitaker, Brian. “Its Best Use Is a Doorstop.” Guardian, 24 May 2004.
White, Ronald, Jr., and C. Howard Hopkins. The Social Gospel: Religion and Reform in Changing America. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1976.
Williams, Robert A. The American Indian in Western Legal Thought: The Discourses of Conquest. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Williams, Walter L. “United States Indian Policy and the Debate over Philippine Annexation: Implications for the Origins of American Imperialism.” Journal of American History 66 (March 1980): 810–31.
Wilson, Ann. “In the Name of God, Civilization and Humanity: The United States and the Armenian Massacres of the 1890s.” Le Mouvement Social 227 (April 2009): 27–44.
Wilson, Mary C. “The Damascus Affair and the Beginnings of France’s Empire in the Middle East.” In Histories of the Modern Middle East: New Directions, edited by Israel Gershoni, Hakan Erdem, and Ursala Wökock. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002.
Winter, Jay, ed. America and the Armenian Genocide of 1915. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Winterer, Caroline. The Culture of Classicism: Ancient Greece and Rome in American Intellectual Life, 1780–1910. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.
Wood house, C. M. The Philhellenes. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1969.
Wyman, David S. The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust, 1941–1945. New York: Pantheon, 1984.
Yokota, Kariann Akemi. Unbecoming British: How Revolutionary America Became a Postcolonial Nation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Yothers, Brian. The Romance of the Holy Land in American Travel Writing, 1790–1876. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2007.
Young, Robert J. An American by Degrees: The Extraordinary Lives of the French Ambassador Jules Jusserand. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2009.
Zacks, Richard. Thomas Jefferson, the First Marines, and the Secret Mission of 1805. New York: Hyperion, 2005.
Zafrani, Haïm. Le Judaïsme Maghrébin: Le Maroc, Terre de Rencontres des Cultures et des Civilisations. Rabat, Morocco: Marsam, 2003.
Zein, M. Faruk. Christianity, Islam and Orientalism. London: Saqi, 2003.
Zelinsky, Wilber. “Classical Town Names in the United States: The Historical Geography of an American Idea.” Geographical Review 57 (October 1967): 463–95.