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Religion, Art, and MoneyEpiscopalians and American Culture from the Civil War to the Great Depression$
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Peter W. Williams

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469626970

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626970.001.0001

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The Gothic Revival and the Arts and Crafts Movement

The Gothic Revival and the Arts and Crafts Movement

(p.51) Chapter Two The Gothic Revival and the Arts and Crafts Movement
Religion, Art, and Money

Peter W. Williams

University of North Carolina Press

Although it was eventually adopted by Episcopalians across the spectrum of “churchmanship” as well as by a wide variety of other American denominations, the use of the Gothic was for Anglo-Catholics the only proper style for the sacramental worship they deemed central to true Christian practice. A distinctly English form of Gothic had become the norm for American Episcopalians by the later nineteenth century, with a few striking exceptions, such as Boston’s Trinity Church. The copious accumulation of detail in Gothic architecture has several points directly related to the relationship of the Anglo-Catholic version of Episcopal worship to the material realm. Both in England and America, the Arts and Crafts Movement was closely linked with the Gothic revival. In the decades between the Civil War and World War I, the U.S. experienced not only the dizzying growth of its cities, but also a corresponding drive to create cultural institutions that would place those cities on par with Europe; the great urban churches of this period were also cultural institutions.

Keywords:   Gothic Revival, Arts and Craft Movement, Trinity Church, Richard Upjohn, Church of the Advent, John Ruskin, Ralph Adams Cram, St. Bartholomew’s Church

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