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Securing SexMorality and Repression in the Making of Cold War Brazil$
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Benjamin A. Cowan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469627502

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627502.001.0001

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Brazil Counts on Its Sons for Redemption

Brazil Counts on Its Sons for Redemption

Moral, Civic, and Countersubversive Education

(p.180) 6 Brazil Counts on Its Sons for Redemption
Securing Sex

Benjamin A. Cowan

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter Six investigates the impact of moralistic countersubversion in a more public arena: rightists’ push to mandate Moral and Civic Education as a broad counterattack designed to reach each and every Brazilian via the nation’s schools. Intended as a salve for anticommunist moral panic, Moral and Civic Education (EMC) sought to inculcate traditional moral, sexual, and gender precepts. It did so in concert with military service, further linking this program with a moral-hygienicist past in which its goals and methods were deeply rooted. That past also haunted the program’s notable focus on men, with women included only insofar as they affected the anxiety-ridden reproduction and rearing of future, patriotic Brazilians. Translating their anachronistic anxieties not only into education policy but also into practice, moralists managed to influence the curricula of students across Brazil. As my survey of EMC textbooks demonstrates, classroom materials faithfully integrated conservatives’ fusion of moralism and anticommunism. EMC sought to make countersubversion a daily moral imperative—to make students understand the putative link between subversion and immorality.

Keywords:   Moral and Civic Education (EMC), Moacir de Araújo Lopes, National Commission on Morality and Civics (CNMC), Military Service, Boy Scouts, Eugenics, Textbooks, Countersubversion, Anticommunism

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