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Apostle of UnionA Political Biography of Edward Everett$

Matthew Mason

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469628608

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628608.001.0001

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(p.427) Index

(p.427) Index

Source:
Apostle of Union
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
Aberdeen, Lord, 130, 132, 135–40, 143–50, 352 (n. 70)
Adams, Charles Francis (brother-in-law), 75, 92, 161, 166, 297–301, 310, 312
Adams, Henry, 267–68
Adams, John, 18, 84, 87, 103, 182, 186, 224, 279–80
Adams, John Quincy, 7, 14, 24, 25, 35, 37–42, 53, 57, 60–62, 64, 71, 74, 85, 87, 88, 92, 96, 118, 141–42, 161–62, 342 (n. 7), 347 (n. 85), 356 (n. 29)
Adams, Samuel, 186
Albert, Prince, 127, 132, 136, 298
American Colonization Society, 32–33, 68–70, 97, 338 (n. 38);
Everett and, 68–70, 91, 135, 196–97, 201, 212, 285
American Party. See Know-Nothing Party
Andrew, John A., 272, 284–85, 293
Anti-abolitionists. See Doughfaces
Antimasonic Party, 90–92, 110, 166
Appleton, Nathan, 164
Ashburton, Lady, 132
Ashburton, Lord, 131–32, 139–43
Ashworth, John, 148
Atwill, Winthrop, 110–12
Austin, James Trecothick, 98, 102, 108, 114
Bacon, Leonard, 50
Bancroft, George, 79, 156
Barbour, James, 39–40
Barnum, P. T., 236
Bartlett, Ichabod, 47
Bartlett, Irving, 4, 76
Bates, Edward, 250, 257, 262
Beaumont, Gustave de, 134
Beecher, Henry Ward, 288
Bell, John, 250–64, 273, 275, 376 (n. 31)
Benevolent Empire. See Reform
Bennett, James Gordon, 193–94
Benton, Thomas Hart, 40, 63, 75, 79, 125–26, 140, 334 (n. 11)
Bingham, Caleb, 84, 341 (n. 82)
Blake, Thomas H., 57
Bonner, Robert, 236–39, 288, 292, 301
Borden, Nathaniel, 112–13, 119, 126
Boston Public Library, 212, 269, 294, 310
Bradshaw, Wesley, 281–82
Brattle Street Church, 16–18, 163
Breckinridge, John C., 253, 258–64, 272
Brooke, John, 69, 325
Brooks, Corey, 106
Brooks, Peter Chardon (father-in-law), 32, 52–53, 82–83, 94, 102, 124, 153–54, 185, 214
Brooks, Preston, 225–29, 231, 256, 269
(p.428) Brown, John, 1, 8, 9, 224, 243–49, 256
Bryant, William Cullen, 311–12
Buchanan, James, 40, 48, 150, 195, 203, 212, 231, 264, 267–68
Buckminster, Joseph Stevens, 16–17, 19, 23, 45, 46, 101, 172, 330 (n. 12)
Bunker Hill, Battle of, 17, 77, 85, 178–79, 181
Bunker Hill Monument Association, 34–35, 59, 84–86, 180, 215, 310, 333 (n. 70)
Burges, Tristam, 56–57
Burin, Eric, 69
Burns, Anthony, 210–11
Buxton, Thomas Fowell, 46
Calhoun, John C., 75, 80, 126, 141, 143–51, 159, 169, 178, 270, 306, 339 (n. 57)
Cambreleng, Churchill, 48–49, 58–59, 73, 334 (n. 13)
Campbell, Stanley, 170
Canning, George, 45–46, 49
Cass, Lewis, 53, 138–39, 166, 204, 281
Channing, William Ellery, 65, 97–98, 102, 108, 142, 343 (n. 24)
Chase, Salmon, 206, 287–88, 317
Cheves, Langdon, 319
China, 150, 194
Choate, Rufus, 145, 199, 212, 214, 259, 367 (n. 16)
Civil War, American, causes of, 9–11, 222, 239, 276, 316–21, 360 (n. 82), 389 (n. 20)
Clay, Henry, 33, 38, 69, 74, 79, 107–8, 127, 129, 130, 150, 166, 168, 180, 186, 193, 196, 198, 214, 256–58, 261, 262, 294, 338 (n. 38)
Clayton, Augustus, 64
Clayton, John M., 204
Clergymen, and Kansas-Nebraska Act, 205–7
Clifford, J. H., 127
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 45–46
Colonization, of free African Americans. See American Colonization Society
Compromise, 6, 211, 265–68, 286, 293, 312–13, 379–80 (n. 91);
Compromise of 1850, 167–76, 179–80, 186–89, 201–2, 209, 210, 224, 230, 247
“Conscience Whigs,” 162–65, 186
Constitutional Union Party, 243, 249–64, 273, 284, 289, 293, 296, 318
Coombs, Leslie, 250
Copperheads, 289–95, 303, 305
“Cotton Whigs,” 8, 162–64, 168
Crawford, William, 35
Creole case, 140–44, 167, 186, 222
Crittenden, John J., 188, 249–50, 252, 259, 266, 268
Cuba, 188–92, 194
Cunningham, Ann Pamela, 216–17, 219, 274
Cunningham, Louisa Bird, 216–17
Curtis, George William, 174, 311, 315
Cushing, Caleb, 26–27, 28, 44–45, 53, 76, 240, 247, 249, 272
Custis, George Washington Parke, 217, 240, 276
Dana, Richard Henry, Jr., 312–13, 317–18
D’Auterive, Marigny, 55–59
Davis, Jefferson, 261, 279, 295, 308, 319–20
Davis, John, 72, 74, 90, 121, 192
Democratic Party, 8, 10, 246–47, 253
Democratic-Republican Party, 18, 35
Dexter, Reverend Mr., 205
District of Columbia, slavery and slave trade in, 109–10, 112, 167, 286
Doughfaces, 3, 6–9, 37, 48, 49, 57, 67, 70, 72, 79, 97–119 passim, 163, 165, 169, 171, 206, 228, 270–73, 279, 313
Douglas, Stephen A., 195, 198–206, 253, 257, 259, 262–64, 270–71, 281, 377 (n. 53)
Douglass, Frederick, 105, 193, 222–23, 259
Drayton, William, 73
Egerton, Douglas, 257
(p.429) Eliot, Samuel, 21
Elliott, Charles, 145
Emancipation Proclamation, 6, 10
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 22, 169
England. See Great Britain
Everett, Alexander (brother), 21, 22, 41–42, 45, 52, 82–83, 92, 339 (n. 57)
Everett, Ann Gorham (daughter), 150, 151
Everett, Charlotte Gray Brooks (wife), 32, 52, 66, 82–83, 130, 163, 207–8, 220
Everett, Edward:
birth, 12;
death, 309–10;
and education, 12, 40–41, 67, 93–94, 99, 133, 155, 157–59, 285, 343 (n. 14);
impact and authority as scholar, 22, 30, 44, 46–47, 69, 81, 241, 296;
and inaugural speech as governor, 94, 100–103, 105–6, 109–12, 222;
and “knapsack speech,” 6, 37, 41–55, 58–59, 67, 68, 79, 88–89, 91, 101, 102, 110–11, 113, 126, 159, 171, 206, 222, 245–46, 260, 287–88, 334 (n. 13);
as a politician, 3–4, 64–65, 70, 78, 91–92, 185, 188–98, 251–53, 255;
and race, racism, 26, 68, 88, 134, 157–59, 161, 197, 212, 356 (n. 19);
warnings of civil war, 74–75, 171, 176–77, 182, 253, 265, 276
Everett, Edward Brooks (son), 299
Everett, Grace Webster (daughter), 100
Everett, Henry Sidney (son), 291
Everett, Lucy (mother), 12, 14
Everett, Oliver (father), 12, 13–14
Everett, William (son), 205, 291, 298, 311
Everett House, 220, 267, 369 (n. 39)
Faust, Drew Gilpin, 320–21
Faux, William, 30–32
Federalist Party, 17–18, 20, 33, 35, 42, 77, 116, 125, 152, 290
Felton, C. C., 183
Fillmore, Millard, 175, 187–89, 194, 195, 199, 203, 211–12, 247, 262
Fire-eaters. See Southern rights advocates
Fish, Hamilton, 311
Fish, Julia, 197–98
Fisher, Sidney George, 261
Flint, Timothy, 63
Foner, Eric, 7
Forgie, George, 4, 303–4
Forsyth, John, 43, 334 (n. 16)
Fourth of July, 4, 15, 50, 84–85, 95, 118, 177, 179, 195, 214, 220, 222, 255
Franklin, Benjamin, 15–16, 79–80, 182, 214–15, 224, 279–80
Freehling, William, 319
Free Soil Party, Free Soilers, 162, 165, 169–71, 179, 189;
Fremont, John C., 231
Frothingham, Edward, 237
Fugitive Slave Act. See Compromise of 1850
Gag Rule, 88, 96, 104, 106–7, 109, 112, 125, 128, 161, 205
Gallagher, Gary, 10, 284
Garrison, William Lloyd, 70, 97–98, 102–6, 113, 119, 128, 142–43, 202, 247–48, 311
Garrisonian abolitionists. See Garrison, William Lloyd
(p.430) George III, 136
Gettysburg National Cemetery, 2, 87, 297, 301–6
Giddings, Joshua, 142
Gilman, Samuel, 30, 355 (n. 15)
Great Britain, 4, 44–45;
abolition of slavery, 111, 115–19, 134–35, 141, 143, 161, 222, 286, 297, 352 (n. 70);
relations with U.S., 24, 27–32, 39, 99, 124–50 passim, 167, 189–92, 297
Greece, 164;
history of, 87, 179, 278, 302
Greeley, Horace, 223, 230, 288, 305
Green, Duff, 145, 146–47, 299
Greenberg, Amy, 61
Greene, Nathaniel, 35
Gurley, Ralph Randolph, 50
Haitian Revolution, 19–20, 21, 26–27, 43–45, 48, 52, 245, 248, 288, 297, 334 (n. 18)
Hale, Edward Everett (nephew), 204–5, 282, 314
Hale, John P., 189
Hale, Nathan (brother-in-law), 100, 107–8, 113, 118, 119, 199, 204, 211, 228, 345 (n. 54)
Hale, Sarah Preston Everett, a.k.a. Sally (sister), 52, 262, 378 (n. 71)
Hamlin, Hannibal, 259
Hancock, John, 103, 186
Harris, Thaddeus Mason, 12
Harrison, William Henry, 122, 124
Harvard College, 12, 116, 152–54, 163;
Haughton, Richard, 100, 107, 119, 347 (n. 84)
Hayne, Robert Y., 30, 75–77, 283
Haynes, Charles, 64
Haynes, Sam, 27–28
Highgate Cemetery, 84
Hillard, George S., 214, 251, 255, 294–95, 311
Holland, Henry, 179
Hopkins Classical School, 158–59
Howe, Daniel Walker, 17, 61
Howe, Samuel G., 8, 164
Hughes, John, 299
Hulsemann, Johann Georg, 188, 194
Hunter, R. M. T., 229–30
Huston, James, 257
Huzzey, Richard, 137
Ibrahima, Abd al-Rahman, 157, 197
Impressment, 138
Indian Removal, 60–69, 71, 72, 88–89, 200
Internal improvements, 38, 93–94, 100, 133–34, 156–57, 195
Irving, Washington, 215
Jackson, Andrew, 38, 42, 58, 61–62, 71, 74, 77–78, 80, 89, 98–99, 147, 262, 293
Jackson, Edmund, 111
Jackson, Francis, 113
Jackson, William, 110–13
Jacksonians. See Democratic Party
Jefferson, Thomas, 18, 19, 35, 51–52, 75, 84, 87, 182, 224, 246, 279, 290
Jesus Christ, 182, 202, 234, 238
Johnston, Josiah Stoddard, 82–83
Johnston, William, 82
Judas, 186
Kansas, 9, 226, 256
Kansas-Nebraska Act, 185, 198–212, 217, 221, 222, 229, 247, 261
Kemble, Fanny, 285
Kennedy, John P., 299
Keyes, John, 35–36
Kidnapping, of free African Americans, 114–15
Kimball, Horace, 116–18
King, Rufus, 25, 38, 40
King, William Rufus, 127, 195–96
Knowlton, J. S. C., 54
(p.431) Know-Nothing Party, 210–11;
Everett and, 196, 211–12, 230, 366–67 (n. 7)
Kossuth, Louis, 187–88
Lafayette, Marquis de, 34, 51, 84, 136
Latin America, 86. See also Panama conference
Lawrence, Abbott, 153
Lawrence, Amos A., 246, 266–67
Lee, Robert E., 320
Liberty Party, 145, 165–66
Lincoln, Levi, 246
Lincoln, Robert, 294
Literary War. See Paper War
Loring, Charles, 293, 296
Lovejoy, Elijah Parish, 106, 108
Lumpkin, Wilson, 64
Lundy, Benjamin, 50–51, 57–58, 69, 70, 102
Lunt, George, 103–4, 106, 155, 217, 290
Lyell, Sir Charles, 159–60
Macauley, Thomas B., 213
Madison, James, 75, 96, 102, 246, 277, 290
Magoon, Elias, 183, 207
Mann, Horace, 169, 171, 174, 179
Martindale, Henry, 56
Martineau, Harriet, 67, 88, 93, 96, 105, 345 (n. 46)
Marshall, John, 75, 87, 246
Mason, James, 169, 173, 174, 191
Massachusetts Historical Society, 312
May, Samuel, 105
McClellan, George B., 278, 289–90, 292–96
McClintock, Russell, 317
McDaniel, Caleb, 6
McDuffie, George, 41–42, 47, 52, 54, 74, 99, 334 (n. 11)
McIlvane, John, 299
McLane, Louis, 150–51
McLean, John, 165
McPherson, James, 283
Mercantile Library Association, 217, 224, 228, 280, 310, 314
Mexico, 144, 159, 162, 190, 272
Milton, John, 76
Miner, Charles, 56
Minor, Louisa H. A., 321
Missouri Crisis and Compromise, 24–26, 27, 28–30, 38, 40, 49, 55, 71, 198–205, 209, 212, 286
Monroe, James, 246
Moore, Frank, 279
Morton, Marcus, 92, 106, 109–10, 112–13, 119–22
Mott, Lucretia, 118–19
Mount Auburn Cemetery, 84, 214–15, 314–15
Mount Vernon. See George Washington
Mount Vernon Ladies Association of the Union, 216–55 passim, 260, 263, 265, 273–76, 279–80, 282–83, 295, 307, 313–14, 317–19, 321, 323–24, 368 (n. 27), 371 (n. 76)
National Republican Party, 32–33, 35, 38–72 passim, 88
Navy, Royal. See Slave trade, African
Negro Seamen Acts, 38–40
New England Loyal Publication Society, 291–92, 301
Niles, Hezekiah, 81
North American Review, Everett’s editorship of, 24, 25, 26–32, 33, 44, 82
Nullification, 65, 71–79, 83, 85, 88–89, 99, 147, 269–70, 277
Oakes, James, 10, 292, 317
O’Connell, Daniel, 131
Ohio Resolves, 38
Otis, Harrison Gray, 18
Otis, James, 103, 258
Pakenham, Richard, 146
Palfrey, John Gorham, 163–64, 169
(p.432) Palmerston, Lord, 131, 137
Panama conference, 40–41, 48, 49, 54, 333–34 (n. 8)
Paper War, 24, 27–32, 44, 62–63, 133, 137, 191, 313
Parker, L. M., 54
Parker, Theodore, 162, 171, 179, 186, 206, 223–24, 227, 229, 248, 370 (n. 52)
Paulus, Sarah, 198
Peace Conference, 267
Peel, Sir Robert, 115, 131–32, 138, 148, 151
Peterson, Merrill, 76
Petigru, James L., 306
Phi Beta Kappa, 17, 34
Philanthropy. See Reform
Phillips, Wendell, 108, 186, 213, 218, 223–24, 227, 229–30, 248, 258, 270–71, 312
Pierce, Carlos, 228–29
Pierce, Franklin, 187, 189, 195, 198, 246–47, 362 (n. 20)
Poe, Edgar Allan, 94
Polk, James K., 150–51, 159
Popular sovereignty, 198, 200
Potter, David, 7, 320
Powers, Hiram, 137
Prescott, William Hickling, 221
Pryor, Roger A., 228–30
Puritans. See Pilgrims
Quigley, Paul, 320
Quincy, Edmund, 115–18, 349 (n. 22)
Quincy, Josiah, 116, 152
Ramsay, William, 65–66
Randolph, John, 48, 49, 50, 54, 55, 71
Ratcliffe, Donald, 59
Reform, culture of, 8, 16–17, 33, 59, 61, 88, 123, 133, 138, 216;
Reid, Ronald, 305
Republican Party, 10, 210, 216, 243, 246, 248, 250–64, 267–68, 304, 317;
Revolution, French, 45
Revolutions, of 1848, 156, 177–78
Rice, Alexander Hamilton, 267
Rice, rough, 137–38, 148
Right of search. See Slave trade, African
Ritchie, Thomas, 127
Rives, William C., 149
Rugemer, Edward, 115
Russell, Lord John, 190–91, 298–99, 301
Scott, Winfield, 189, 264, 267, 276–77, 381 (n. 22)
Seabrook, Whitemarsh, 39
Secession, of Southern states, 264–68, 273, 277–84, 300, 303–4, 317, 319–21
Secessionists. See Southern rights advocates
Sewall, Samuel E., 114
Seward, William Henry, 193–94, 204, 206, 256, 284, 299–301, 310, 381 (n. 20), 385 (n. 109)
Shaw, Lemuel, 25
Sherman, William Tecumseh, 283, 308
Simms, William Gilmore, 63–64, 321
Sims, Thomas, 179
Slave trade, African, 68, 73, 125, 131, 138–40, 167, 197, 298, 300
Slave trade, American domestic, 72–73, 112, 159
Slaves, fugitive, 114, 125, 131, 143–44, 167–70, 179, 186, 210–11, 230, 231, 265
Smith, Adam I. P., 290
Smith, Ashbel, 146
Smith, Mary, 114
Smith, Sydney, 27, 132, 147
Socrates, 154
Southern rights advocates, 224–31, 248–49, 258–61, 264, 269–71, 319
(p.433) Stanley, Lord, 135–36
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 222
Stevenson, Andrew, 131–32, 134, 147, 350 (n. 32)
Stewart, James Brewer, 223
Strong, George Templeton, 254, 256, 261–62, 311
Stuart, Moses, 170
Sturge, Joseph, 116–17
Sumter, Fort, 267, 269–73, 275–76, 319
Tariffs, 43, 71–79, 137–38, 162
Taylor, Zachary, 164–65, 168, 175, 187
Temperance, 66, 119–21, 155, 166
Texas, annexation of, 106, 109–12, 144–46, 169, 173, 190
Thome, James, 116–18
Thompson, George, 97
Thompson, John R., 183, 219
Thursday Evening Club, 285, 314
Ticknor, George, 13, 16, 21, 185, 188, 294
Tobey, Edward S., 267
Tomek, Beverly, 70
Tories, British, 46, 115, 156
Trescot, William H., 212
Tucker, Nathaniel Beverley, 147
Turnbull, Robert, 39, 69
Turner, Nat, 80
Tyler, John, 124–31, 137–51, 299
Union:
Americans’ commitment to, 3–5, 7–11, 35, 76–77, 88, 96, 128, 168–71, 177, 182, 186, 189, 195, 210, 219–326 passim, 379–80 (n. 91);
opinions on the meaning and nature of, 2, 33, 65, 72, 75–78, 80–81, 89, 215, 235, 244–45, 253, 264–70, 273–75, 277–78, 282–84, 302–4, 306, 321
Union Clubs, 291–92, 294, 310, 311
Unionist party fusion attempts, 77–78, 176, 235, 293, 296. See also Constitutional Union Party
Union meetings, 243–49, 263, 267, 282, 382 (n. 43)
Unitarianism, 16–17, 23–24, 67
University of Virginia, 35, 232, 274
Upham, Charles Wentworth, 183
Upshur, Abel P., 126, 140, 143–51
Van Buren, Martin, 61, 80, 105–6, 107, 112–13, 165, 189, 350 (n. 32)
Van Lew, Elizabeth, 318
Varon, Elizabeth, 9, 61, 318
Vesey, Denmark, 38, 159
Victoria, Queen, 131–32, 136, 153, 188, 297–98
Vinton, Samuel, 79
Wales, Prince of, 255
Walsh, Robert, 28–29
Ward, Samuel Ringgold, 169
War of 1812, 17–18, 20, 44, 55, 77, 290
Warren, Joseph, 103, 180–81
Washburn, Emory, 208
Washington, Bushrod, 20
Washington, George, 1, 4–5, 12–14, 34, 45, 177–79, 254, 257, 259, 273–75, 281–84, 316, 320–21;
Farewell Address of, 5, 179–80, 182, 188, 190, 218, 231, 237, 241, 244–45, 254, 257
Washington, John A., Jr., 216, 232
Washington, Martha, 217
Weed, Thurlow, 193–94, 363 (n. 28)
Wellington, Duke of, 188
Wheaton, Henry, 138–39
Whig Party, Great Britain, 137, 156
Whig Party, U.S., 60–62, 78, 88–89, 211, 246–47, 292–93, 304, 318
Whipple, Thomas R., Jr., 48
Whitcomb, Samuel, 58, 59, 70, 112
Whittier, John Greenleaf, 102–3, 169, 312
Wilberforce, William, 21
Williams, Beverly Garnett, 157–59, 163–64, 197
Wilmot Proviso, 162, 167
Wilson, Henry, 105, 229
Wise, Charlotte Everett (daughter), 160, 182, 208, 221, 272–73, 275–76, 306, 310, 320
Wise, Henry Alexander, 160, 272
Wise, Henry Augustus (son-in-law), 160, 186, 194, 206–7, 272–73, 283, 310, 320, 380 (n. 11)
Women, in public life, 10, 13, 61–62, 161, 216, 230, 235, 240–41, 244, 251, 304–5, 307, 318, 320–21, 368 (n. 27)
Woodbury, Charles L., 266–67
Woodbury, Levi, 267
Woods, Michael, 226–27, 319
Yancey, William Lowndes, 220, 225, 241, 280, 319, 370 (n. 53)
Young America movement, 189–90, 192