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City in a GardenEnvironmental Transformations and Racial Justice in Twentieth-Century Austin, Texas$
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Andrew M. Busch

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469632643

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469632643.001.0001

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A Mecca for the Cultivated and Wealthy

A Mecca for the Cultivated and Wealthy

Progressivism, Race, and Geography after World War I

Chapter:
(p.63) 3 A Mecca for the Cultivated and Wealthy
Source:
City in a Garden
Author(s):

Andrew M. Busch

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469632643.003.0004

This chapter investigates how race relations and geography changed after World War One and how Austin leaders used urban planning to both improve and segregate the city after World War One. Numerous urban race riots across the country and increasing numbers of permanent Mexican residents in Austin encouraged Austin leaders to hasten segregation. As planners improved natural areas like urban creeks, they simultaneously incentivized the removal of minorities from those areas. Zoning and restrictive covenants removed industry from white neighborhoods and allowed it in minority areas. By the 1940s, the city was heavily segregated.

Keywords:   Zoning, Austin City Plan, Redlining, Restrictive Covenants, Segregation

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