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City in a GardenEnvironmental Transformations and Racial Justice in Twentieth-Century Austin, Texas$
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Andrew M. Busch

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781469632643

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469632643.001.0001

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The Machine Threatens the Garden

(p.186) 8 Technopolis
City in a Garden

Andrew M. Busch

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter looks at Austin’s economic and demographic growth from the 1970s to the 1990s. The University of Texas, and especially Dean of the Graduate School of Business George Kozmetsky, were central to this growth. The city, state, and university worked together entrepreneurially to generate growth in the high tech industry. The most important event was the decision of federally-sponsored research consortium Microelectronics and Computer Corporation to locate in Austin in 1983. Many other tech companies came to Austin as well, leading to dramatic growth. This growth, however, reshaped the city physically and became the impetus for a more robust and widespread environmental movement in the city.

Keywords:   George Kozmetsky, Microelectronics and Computer Corporation, University of Texas, technology transfer, defense spending, technopolis, academic capitalism, annexation

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