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Organic ResistanceThe Struggle over Industrial Farming in Postwar France$
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Venus Bivar

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469641188

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469641188.001.0001

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Alternative Ideals, 1944–1958

Alternative Ideals, 1944–1958

Chapter:
(p.48) Chapter Two Alternative Ideals, 1944–1958
Source:
Organic Resistance
Author(s):

Venus Bivar

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469641188.003.0003

In response to the industrialization of agriculture, biodynamic and organic practices emerged across Europe. Inspired by the work of Rudolph Steiner, French doctors, farmers, and agronomists banded together in order to create the first anti-industrial farm organizations. Many of these early pioneers were drawn to alternative agriculture because they valued the purity that came with food free from chemical additives. This obsession with purity was often grounded in fascist, anti-Semitic ideology, and many of these of these early pioneers had supported both the Vichy government of the 1930s and the eugenics movement. These early pioneers included Raoul Lemaire, André Louis, Henri-Charles Geffroy, André Birre, Jean Boucher, and Mattéo Tavera.

Keywords:   Organic agriculture, Biodynamic agriculture, La Vie Claire, GABO (Groupement de l'agriculture biologique de l'ouest), AFRAN (Association française de recherche pour une alimentation normale), Anti-Semitism, Raoul Lemaire, André Louis, Henri-Charles Geffroy, Jean Boucher

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