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Organic ResistanceThe Struggle over Industrial Farming in Postwar France$
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Venus Bivar

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781469641188

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469641188.001.0001

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Operating at Full Tilt, 1958–1968

Operating at Full Tilt, 1958–1968

Chapter:
(p.85) Chapter Three Operating at Full Tilt, 1958–1968
Source:
Organic Resistance
Author(s):

Venus Bivar

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469641188.003.0004

Efforts to modernize the agricultural sector and address the Farm Problem were ramped up in the early 1960s with the introduction of the Orientation Laws. In particular, the newly created Société d'aménagement foncier et d'établissement rural (SAFER) promised to improve upon remembrement and make it easier for farmers to improve their holdings. This organization, however, proved to be highly controversial and many farmers argued that the SAFER was abusing its power to intervene in the real estate market. Both major farm unions, the Fédération nationale des syndicats d'exploitants agricoles (FNSEA) and the Centre national des jeunes agriculteurs (CNJA), joined the fray, alternatively defending and challenging the power of the SAFER. The inauguration of the European Economic Community heightened these tensions as foreign member-state buyers entered the French market in farmland, driving up prices and threatening French sovereignty.

Keywords:   Orientation Laws, Edgard Pisani, Société d'aménagement foncier et d'établissement rural (SAFER), Common Agricultural Policy, Centre national des jeunes agriculteurs (CNJA), Fédération nationale des syndicats d'exploitants agricoles (FNSEA), Foreign buyers, Property rights

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