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The Antietam Campaign$
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Gary W. Gallagher

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780807824818

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807835913_gallagher

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Maryland, Our Maryland

Maryland, Our Maryland

Or How Lincoln and His Army Helped to Define the Confederacy

(p.74) Maryland, Our Maryland
The Antietam Campaign

William A. Blair

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter argues that the Lincoln administration's sometimes heavy-handed treatment of Marylanders who expressed sympathy for the Confederacy in 1861–62 convinced many white southerners, most notably those who had doubted the logic of secession, that resistance to northern oppression lay at the core of the sectional conflict. Believing Lee's soldiers entered Maryland as liberators, Confederates expressed surprise, and then disappointment, when the state's citizens did not flock to the southern colors. That disappointment eventually turned into widespread indifference or even hostility toward Marylanders perceived as unwilling to sacrifice in a war against northern tyranny. Yet although Maryland's people generally did not support the southern cause overtly, their perceived travail early in the war helped Confederates define themselves as freedom-loving people justified in leaving a Union dominated by an oppressive North.

Keywords:   Civil War, Maryland campaign, Confederates, Lincoln, northern oppression, Marylanders

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