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The Antietam Campaign$
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Gary W. Gallagher

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780807824818

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807835913_gallagher

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Defending Lee's Flank

Defending Lee's Flank

J. E. B. Stuart, John Pelham, and Confederate Artillery on Nicodemus Heights

(p.192) Defending Lee's Flank
The Antietam Campaign

Robert E. L. Krick

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter describes events on Nicodemus Heights and Hauser's Ridge, where Confederate artillery, usually depicted as hopelessly outclassed at Antietam, stalwartly contested a series of Union infantry assaults against the Miller Cornfield and the West Woods. It demonstrates that Confederate cavalry chief James E. B. Stuart, with able assistance from John Pelham and other young southern gunners, used batteries from the Horse Artillery and Stonewall Jackson's wing of the army to back up southern defensive lines repeatedly pushed nearly to breaking point. The chapter argues that September 17 should not be understood as the day of unfolding disaster for hopelessly outgunned Confederate cannoneers so often depicted in earlier studies; indeed, that day's fighting marked one of the better performances for Lee's “Long Arm.”

Keywords:   Civil War, Maryland campaign, Hauser's Ridge, Confederates, Miller Cornfield, West Woods

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