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American NightThe Literary Left in the Era of the Cold War$
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Alan M. Wald

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780807835869

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807837344_wald

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Lonely Crusaders, Part I

Lonely Crusaders, Part I

(p.150) Chapter Five Lonely Crusaders, Part I
American Night

Alan M. Wald

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter focuses on three African American writers of the Depression generation: Chester Himes, Ralph Ellison, and Richard Wright. Their respective Communist autobiographies—The Lonely Crusade (1947), Invisible Man (1952), and The Outsider (1953)—depicting Black men repudiating the Party as an organization and defying the boundaries of Communist propriety, contributed to the postwar renovation of the Black protest tradition.

Keywords:   African American writers, Depression, Richard Wright, Ralph Ellison, Chester Himes, Lonely Crusade, Invisible Man, Outsider

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