Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Nation Building in South KoreaKoreans, Americans, and the Making of a Democracy$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Gregg A. Brazinsky

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780807831205

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807867792_brazinsky

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Development over Democracy

Development over Democracy

(p.127) 5 Development over Democracy
Nation Building in South Korea

John Lewis Gaddis

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines the role of the United States and South Korea's military officers in creating and sustaining developmental autocracy in the country between 1961 and 1972. It suggests that American officials helped Park Chung Hee in implementing unpopular policies and weakening his opposition so that he could institute crucial reforms necessary for economic development. After discussing American efforts to push the military junta away from military rule and economic nationalism toward political and economic liberalization, the chapter looks at the conflict between Washington and the Park regime owing to their differences over how a developmental autocracy should function, as well as Park's rifts with his domestic opponents over foreign policy. It also analyzes Park's introduction of Yusin, a harsh authoritarian system that essentially rejected democracy and which the United States had to support because it had little choice.

Keywords:   military, United States, South Korea, developmental autocracy, Park Chung Hee, economic development, military junta, foreign policy, Yusin, democracy

North Carolina Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .