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Nation Building in South KoreaKoreans, Americans, and the Making of a Democracy$
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Gregg A. Brazinsky

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780807831205

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807867792_brazinsky

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Molding South Korean Youth

Molding South Korean Youth

(p.189) 7 Molding South Korean Youth
Nation Building in South Korea

John Lewis Gaddis

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines how the United States managed its relationship with South Korea's youth, a group that it considered vital to the country's economic and political transformation. It begins by appraising the role of American official, private, and religious organizations in steering South Korea's younger generation toward ideals and values that would facilitate liberal democratic nation building, in part through a combination of educational and welfare programs and assistance to the Boy Scout and Girl Scout movements. The chapter then considers the protests staged by South Korean youths and students against authoritarianism, and their impact on American foreign policy. It also explores how Washington addressed the South Korean youth's passion for democracy and zealous nationalism, with emphasis on Peace Corps initiatives such as teaching English and science in high schools and launching public health programs in rural areas.

Keywords:   youth, United States, South Korea, religious organizations, nation building, students, authoritarianism, democracy, nationalism, Peace Corps

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