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Capital IntentionsFemale Proprietors in San Francisco, 1850-1920$
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Edith Sparks

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780807830611

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807868201_sparks

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021



(p.1) Introduction
Capital Intentions

Edith Sparks

University of North Carolina Press

Female proprietors are one of the fastest-growing participants in the commercial economy. Between 1850 and 1920, female proprietors operated small-scale businesses concentrated in the apparel, laundry, accommodations, beauty, and retail industries. Focusing on female business owners in San Francisco, this book demonstrates the commercial behavior of women proprietors and how they confronted several challenges at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries.

Keywords:   female proprietors, commercial economy, small-scale business, commercial behavior, business owners

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