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Capital IntentionsFemale Proprietors in San Francisco, 1850-1920$
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Edith Sparks

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780807830611

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807868201_sparks

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(p.203) Conclusion
Capital Intentions

Edith Sparks

University of North Carolina Press

Capital intentions underscore the fact that women were intentional about the ways in which they engaged in business. Following their capital intentions and going where they saw the opportunity, the number of female proprietors of apparel, laundry, accommodations, beauty, and retail increased dramatically in the 1850s. While women's choices as proprietors were shaped by legal, economic, and family restrictions, they were viewed as commercial actors who relied on impulse and intuition to guide their commercial behavior in the San Francisco marketplace. This conclusion analyzes the factors that helped San Francisco women operate a successful business, the challenges they faced in fiscal management, and the manner in which they grappled with commercial failure.

Keywords:   capital intentions, women, proprietors, commercial actors, commercial behavior, San Francisco, marketplace, business, commercial failure

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