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Capital Intentions – Female Proprietors in San Francisco, 1850-1920 - North Carolina Scholarship Online
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Capital Intentions: Female Proprietors in San Francisco, 1850-1920

Edith Sparks


Late nineteenth-century San Francisco was an ethnically diverse but male-dominated society bustling from a rowdy gold rush, earthquakes, and explosive economic growth. Within this booming marketplace, some women stepped beyond their roles as wives, caregivers, and homemakers to start businesses that combined family concerns with money-making activities. The author of this book traces the experiences of these women entrepreneurs, exploring who they were, why they started businesses, how they attracted customers and managed finances, and how they dealt with failure. Using a unique sample of bank ... More

Keywords: San Francisco, women entrepreneurs, boardinghouses, businesswomen, bankruptcy records, marketplace, name-brand goods, large-scale retailers, advertisements, homemakers

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2006 Print ISBN-13: 9780807830611
Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2014 DOI:10.5149/9780807868201_sparks


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Edith Sparks, author