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How Local Politics Shape Federal PolicyBusiness, Power, and the Environment in Twentieth-Century Los Angeles$
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Sarah S. Elkind

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807834893

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807869116_elkind

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Oil and Water

Oil and Water

The Public and the Private on Southern California Beaches, 1920–1950

(p.17) Chapter One Oil and Water
How Local Politics Shape Federal Policy

Sarah S. Elkind

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter illustrates how most of Los Angeles' beaches and adjacent lands were in private hands in the 1920s; some private holdings dated from eighteenth-century Spanish land grants. Much of this private land lay undeveloped and open for recreational use by local residents and visitors alike. The real estate and oil booms of the second and third decades of the twentieth century accelerated the development along the shoreline and constrained recreational access with a suddenness that surprised and alarmed Angelenos. Oil companies began drilling near the shore, then on the sand, and finally from piers that stretched out into shallow waters. Real estate developers erected fences and houses that blocked customary public access. These booms, of course, also brought more people to the region who wanted to use the beach.

Keywords:   Los Angeles' beaches, private hands, private holdings, Spanish land grants, private land, Angelenos

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