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Lincoln's Forgotten AllyJudge Advocate General Joseph Holt of Kentucky$
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Elizabeth D. Leonard

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780807835005

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: July 2014

DOI: 10.5149/9780807869383_leonard

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Lincoln's Judge Advocate General, September 3, 1862–April 14, 1865

Lincoln's Judge Advocate General, September 3, 1862–April 14, 1865

Chapter:
(p.158) 5 Lincoln's Judge Advocate General, September 3, 1862–April 14, 1865
Source:
Lincoln's Forgotten Ally
Author(s):

Elizabeth D. Leonard

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/9780807869383_leonard.9

This chapter discusses the ways in which the post of judge advocate general of the army had changed dramatically since the war began. The Federal army had grown from a small force of about 16,000 regular soldiers into a massive conglomerate of regular and volunteer regiments in which more than 2.2 million men served before the war came to a close. Prior to the Civil War, the federal government “agency” assigned to monitor the application of military law had consisted of a single bureaucrat, whose responsibilities had been limited to maintaining the army's court-martial records. On July 17, 1862, however, the U.S. Congress substantially expanded the size and purview of the judge advocate general's office, assigning to its head the rank, pay, and allowance of a colonel of cavalry and authorizing him to appoint a team of assistant judge advocates, each of whom served with the rank and pay of a major.

Keywords:   judge advocate general, army, Federal army, Civil War, federal government agency

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